October 3, 2022

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Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs are very different

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs are very different

 

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs are very different, and many people take it wrong!

“Inflammation” can be said to be very common, and many people have a headache. The first thing that comes to mind is to find some anti-inflammatory drugs, such as amoxicillin, aspirin, ibuprofen and so on, but for “anti-inflammatory”, many people are confused about antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, and even equate the two.

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs are very different

There are many reasons for inflammation, and anti-inflammatory drugs should not be used indiscriminately. It is best to buy and take them according to the doctor’s instructions.

What is inflammation?

To put it simply, a certain part of our body has “redness, heat and pain”, which can be said to be inflammation.

Inflammation may be caused by:

  • Caused by pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, mycoplasma, etc.), it is called “infection”.
  • Caused by physical and chemical reasons, such as sprains, crushes, traumas (scalds, crushes, sun burns).
  • Internal factors such as pancreatitis (digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas to digest the pancreas itself), rheumatoid arthritis (autoimmune system attacks joint tissues).

How to “eliminate inflammation” correctly?

1. “Infection” caused by pathogenic microorganisms must be treated against infection.

Antibacterial drugs can kill specific bacteria or fungi, and antiviral drugs can only deal with specific viruses. If antibacterial drugs are used to deal with the virus, it is “playing against the cow.” For example, a cold, whether it is a common cold or influenza, is caused by a virus. Antibacterial drugs are not effective at this time. The reason is simple. For example, the target of antibacterial drugs (such as cell membrane, cell wall, ribosome) is not in the virus, so there is no target.

2. To treat non-“infectious” inflammation, such as “pain” and “swelling” after traumatic injury, you can choose anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, such as ibuprofen (fenbid), diclofenac sodium (voltaren), celecoxib (Celebrex).

3. For the treatment of some autoimmune-mediated inflammation, glucocorticoids that inhibit autoimmune function should be selected, such as prednisone (prednisone), dexamethasone, methylprednisolone (Metrolac), etc.

 

What is an antibiotic? Why can’t it be abused?

Antibiotics are a common type of anti-infective drugs.  Antibiotics are only a very small class of anti-infective drugs in the profession.

Common antibiotics include natural antibiotics and semi-synthetic antibiotics, usually ending in “mycin” or “cillin”, such as penicillin, ampicillin, amoxicillin; cephalosporins, streptomycin, gentamicin, erythromycin, azithromycin , Chloramphenicol and so on.

Only the “inflammation” caused by bacterial infection can be considered for antibiotics.

However, on the one hand, the sensitivity of each pathogen to each antibacterial drug is different, and it is difficult for ordinary people to distinguish, so it is not recommended to use antibacterial drugs/antibiotics by yourself.

For example, the common pathogen of upper respiratory tract infection-Streptococcus pneumoniae is resistant to azithromycin as high as 80%. If the upper respiratory tract and lung infections are caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, choosing azithromycin is invalid.

On the other hand, different antibacterial drugs adapt to the population and precautions are also different. For example, Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is resistant to azithromycin, is sensitive to moxifloxacin, but not everyone can choose moxifloxacin to treat Streptococcus pneumoniae. Children under 18 years of age are prohibited from using moxifloxacin because it may cause abnormal cartilage development.

Therefore, non-professionals should not use antibacterial drugs/antibiotics casually.

Under what circumstances should I take anti-inflammatory and painkilling “anti-inflammatory drugs”?

Local inflammation is not caused by pathogenic microorganisms and can be treated symptomatically with anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs.


It should be noted that anti-inflammatory drugs cannot be taken casually.  Everyone knows the harm of hormones, and they are also very scared. There should be very few people abuse them.

For non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, many people take it casually. It is important to know that commonly used non-hormonal “anti-inflammatory drugs” such as ibuprofen and diclofenac sodium can easily cause gastric and duodenal ulcers, increase blood pressure, may damage the kidneys and aggravate cardiovascular disease. Therefore, such anti-inflammatory drugs must be taken in the most appropriate dose under the guidance of a doctor, and the shortest course of treatment must be maintained.

(source:internet, reference only)


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