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How do child soccer players prevent and deal with sports injuries?
How do child soccer players prevent and deal with sports injuries? Studies have found that about 15% of children experience sports injuries during football training. The most common types of injuries include joint sprains or ligament injuries, and the most common injury site is the ankle joint, that is, ankle sprain.
In recent years, children’s football training has become popular inside and outside the campus and football matches have also shown a trend of vigorous development.
Correspondingly, the pain caused by football training is inevitable.
Researchers in the Czech Republic and Switzerland have reported injuries to children aged 6-12 when playing football. Last year, the Institute of Sports Medicine of Fudan University conducted a four-year follow-up survey of players participating in the “Chinese Captain Footballer” series of championships, and analyzed the occurrence of sports injuries in Chinese children aged 6-9 during football training.
Studies have found that about 15% of children experience sports injuries during football training. The most common types of injuries include joint sprains or ligament injuries, and the most common injury site is the ankle joint, that is, ankle sprain.
Composition ratio of different body parts in football training injuries
So the question is, how do joint sprains and ligament injuries of football teenagers happen? How to “self-rescue” quickly after injury? Of course, more importantly, what protective measures must be taken during exercise to prevent sports injuries?
What are the causes of sports injuries?
Excessive intensity during football training may be an important cause of sports injuries.
Take an ankle sprain as an example. Excessive training intensity causes muscle fatigue around the joints and lack of sufficient strength protection. As a result, players are more likely to sprain during physical confrontation and sudden stop and change of direction; in addition, excessive training intensity itself can also Causes musculoskeletal strain.
What happens after a child has an ankle sprain?
Protection (protection): You can choose to use elastic bandages or ankle braces to fix the joints to protect the injured part and avoid similar actions that cause the injured part to cause secondary injury.
Optimal Loading (appropriate weight bearing): On the first 2-3 days after the sprain, if the symptoms are not obvious, you can walk with weight under the protection of the ankle brace and start rehabilitation training. The amount of exercise and training methods should be carried out step by step under the guidance of sports rehabilitation specialists.
- Rest: Stop exercising immediately after injury to avoid further damage to the joints.
- Ice: Reduce the temperature of the injured area, reduce inflammation and muscle spasms, relieve pain and inhibit swelling. 10-20 minutes each time, more than 3 times a day. It should be noted that children’s skin is delicate and should not be directly applied to the affected area with ice cubes. Parents should wrap the ice cubes with towels to avoid frostbite on children’s skin.
- Compression (compression): Use an elastic bandage to wrap the injured ankle joint and apply pressure to reduce swelling. Be careful not to overpressure, otherwise it will aggravate the swelling and ischemia of the distal limbs at the wrapper.
- Elevation: Elevate the affected limb higher than the heart, increase venous and lymphatic drainage, reduce swelling, and promote recovery.
Children usually recover from sprained joints faster than adults.
According to past experience, for mild ankle sprains, children under 10 years of age can usually recover to a state of alive after resting for about 1 week.
If the pain persists or worsens during the recovery period and the child cannot walk down the ground, the injury should be considered serious and attention should be paid. Because children are still developing, they should be especially wary of epiphyseal (hóu) injuries. It is recommended that parents see a professional sports medicine doctor in time after a child has a severe joint sprain.
How to treat the injuries in children’s football training correctly?
The child is the “palm in the palm” and “heart of the heart” of the parents. It is inevitable to be nervous, afraid, and overly anxious after seeing the child injured. In fact, injury is only a necessary stage of children’s growth, especially injuries in football training are unavoidable.
From the perspective of adults, we should take a more positive view of children’s sports injuries in football training. On the one hand, we need to seek effective preventive measures based on the causes of sports injuries; on the other hand, we should realize that although children experience injuries during sports, standardized treatment, rehabilitation and eventually return to sports will help them Learn to face setbacks, build self-confidence, and achieve comprehensive development of character.
Again, scientific prevention is more important:
- 1. Follow the principles and pay attention to thoughts;
- 2. Well-regulated exercise status;
- 3. Create a safe training environment;
- 4. Pay attention to scientific exercise;
- 5. Strengthen the training of vulnerable parts
(source:internet, reference only)