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What should I do if I find high blood sugar during pregnancy?
What should I do if I find high blood sugar during pregnancy? During pregnancy, check-ups must be made on time. Once gestational diabetes is found, it must be treated in time to minimize the harm.
A patient of mine told me recently: His daughter is pregnant, but she found that her blood sugar is high. The whole family is very distressed and confused. They don’t know what to do. Today, I will show you about gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes refers to the first occurrence or discovery of different degrees of blood glucose elevation during pregnancy, but does not include diabetes patients with pregnancy, that is, people who have diabetes before pregnancy are not called gestational diabetes.
Who are prone to gestational diabetes?
The older pregnant women over 30 years old, the older they are, the greater the possibility of high blood sugar during pregnancy. Some of the immediate blood relatives have had gestational diabetes or other types of diabetes. Mothers-to-be who have a history of gestational diabetes, have given birth to a huge baby, and have an excess body mass index before pregnancy are all prone to gestational diabetes.
What is the harm of gestational diabetes to pregnant women?
① Pregnant women with gestational diabetes are prone to induce other pregnancy complications, such as gestational hypertension, gestational heart disease, etc. The incidence is significantly higher than that of pregnant women without diabetes.
② It is easy to cause other related complications. Pregnant women with gestational diabetes are prone to infection, and even induce ketoacidosis, causing symptoms such as fatigue, lethargy, trance, and dehydration.
③ It damages the nervous system of pregnant women and increases the incidence of proliferative retinopathy.
④ The risk of type 2 diabetes is increased after childbirth.
What effect does gestational diabetes have on the fetus?
① Gestational diabetes may cause abnormal embryonic development and increase the possibility of miscarriage.
② Excessive blood sugar may cause excessive development of embryos to form giant babies, and the risk of hypoglycemia after birth will increase.
③ Excessive blood sugar will affect the development of the fetal nervous system and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems, leading to an increase in teratogenicity.
④ The possibility of premature birth increases.
Therefore, during pregnancy must be checked on time, once gestational diabetes is found to be treated in time, to minimize the harm. Monitor blood glucose on time and record it according to doctor’s requirements, observe the trend of blood glucose, and provide basis for doctor’s diagnosis and treatment. Also pay attention to control diet and exercise moderately in daily life.
The diet must not only meet the nutritional needs of pregnancy, but also meet the needs of disease treatment. It is necessary to control the total energy intake per day, and the ratio of the three major nutrients is reasonable to meet the needs of fetal growth and development. Daily intake of protein should be sufficient, accounting for 15% to 20% of total energy, fat accounting for 25% to 30% of total energy, carbohydrates accounting for about 50% of total energy, matching coarse and fine, eating smaller meals.
Under the premise of ensuring safety, exercise moderately, choose walking, maternity exercises and other exercise methods to improve blood sugar and reduce weight.
Women who wish to prepare or are pregnant must pay attention to gestational diabetes, pay attention to diet and nutrition, and ensure the health of themselves and their babies.
(source:chinanet, reference only)