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How to screen out gynecological tumors？
How to screen out gynecological tumors？ Women vaccinated for cervical cancer can extend the screening interval to 5 years.
In recent years, the incidence of gynecological tumors has been increasing year by year, and is gradually showing a younger trend. Among them, cervical and ovarian tumors are the most common. According to the global cancer statistics released by the World Health Organization, the number of cases in 2018 was 1.247 million and the number of deaths was 586,000.
So, what are the high-risk factors for the occurrence of common gynecological tumors, and what are the disease symptoms that can act as an early warning for us?
Common gynecological tumors have the following risk factors
Early menarche and late menopause, early onset of sexual activity, multiple sexual partners, sexual history, excessive estrogen levels, infertility or late childbirth, obesity, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, intrauterine birth control The use of medical devices and smoking, immunosuppression, medical history of female tumors in immediate family members, or identification of hereditary tumor diseases.
Irregular vaginal bleeding, bleeding after sex
Abnormal vaginal bleeding after menopause, increased perimenopausal bleeding, and abnormal amenorrhea
Abdominal distension, urgency or frequent urination, difficulty eating, or early satiety
Pelvic or abdominal pain, its related symptoms are not specific,
It may also be caused by gastrointestinal disease, urinary system disease or other diseases.
Of course, most tumors do not have obvious symptoms, so the best prevention method is early screening.
Cervical cancer screening
Women after 21 years of age are recommended to undergo cervical cancer screening regardless of whether they have sex. Including cervical smears and HPV (human papilloma virus) testing.
Pap smear every 3 years from 21-29 years, HPV test every 5 years from 25 years
Cervical scraping every 3 years for more than 30 years, HPV test every 5 years
Over 65 years, if you have received regular cervical smears before, 3 consecutive tests in the past 10 years are normal, or 2 consecutive cervical smears combined with HPV tests are normal, you can stop the screening.
Women vaccinated for cervical cancer can extend the screening interval to 5 years.
Ovarian cancer: screening is not recommended for women who are not at high risk, and screening is recommended for women with family history or cancer genes. The most common use of CA125 combined with uterine double attachment B-ultrasound.
Cervical cancer vaccine: Now the nine-valent cervical cancer vaccine has been vaccinated in many countries, and it can prevent 92.1% of cervical cancers. It is recommended that for women aged 16-26 years, it is best to vaccinate before the first sexual contact, and it is recommended to vaccinate even after having sex.
If there is a tumor-related problem, it is recommended to consult a professional doctor in oncology.
(source:internet, reference only)