June 20, 2021

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Diabetes is not only high blood sugar but also the risk of blindness!

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Diabetes is not only high blood sugar but also the risk of blindness!

 

Diabetes is not only high blood sugar but also the risk of blindness! Diabetes, as a disease caused by defects in endocrine function, is often ignored by patients with its concurrent effects on visual function.

Diabetes is not only high blood sugar but also the risk of blindness!

Diabetes, which is marked by high blood sugar, is more than just a little high blood sugar: it can cause kidney failure, heart failure, and even life-threatening, but few people know that it can also cause blindness.

As a high incidence worldwide, the prevalence of diabetes in my country is also on a sharp rise. At the same time, diabetic retinopathy is one of the common complications of diabetes. However, in the case of failure to detect and treat in time, the risk of blindness caused by diabetes mellitus is greatly increased, and the longer the course of the disease, the higher the risk index. In short, it cannot be delayed.

But then again, timely detection and treatment can completely protect eyesight. Therefore, Wang Qichang of Xiangjiang Aier Ophthalmology Department recommends the following three steps:

The first step-timely discovery

For the general population, regular detailed eye examinations are carried out every year, which is what we have been calling for. For diabetics, eye examinations are even more important. For this kind of disease whose early symptoms are not obvious at all, timely detection is half of the successful treatment. If you wait for a serious decline to see a doctor, most of it cannot be reversed!

  • Visual inspection: Provide a preliminary reference for whether the visual function is abnormal;
  • Ophthalmoscope examination: Provide a preliminary reference for whether the sugar network is diseased;
  • Fundus Fluorescence Contrast: Observe the retinal blood vessels accurately and guide treatment;
  • Slit lamp examination: to understand whether diabetes causes other ocular complications;
  • Fundus photography: regularly record the condition of the retina to understand the treatment process;
  • OCT examination: Through the scanning of the macular area and optic disc, the disease can be directly displayed.

The second step-active treatment

In fact, although diabetes is still incurable today, most diabetic patients can obtain a better quality of life through scientific treatment programs. The same is true for retinopathy caused by diabetes. Scientific and reasonable treatment can effectively delay the development of the disease and reduce the patient’s vision loss.

  • Blood glucose monitoring: Observe short-term effects;
  • Drug therapy, laser therapy: delay and prevent the development of lesions;
  • Intraocular injection: eliminate oedema of the fundus;
  • Surgical treatment: clear lesions and save vision;
  • Self-management: Quit smoking and drinking, strictly control diet, and exercise appropriately;

Diabetes, as a disease caused by defects in endocrine function, is often ignored by patients with its concurrent effects on visual function. However, since there is a high risk of blindness, “the diagnosis of diabetes must be seen in the ophthalmology department” should not become a cold knowledge. We do not reject examinations and are not tired of treatment. I believe that every patient with glyconet disease can stay away from the risk of blindness in a positive attitude.

 

 

(source:internet, reference only)


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