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E-cigarettes are not safe and cause Wheezing Shortness of breath
E-cigarettes are not safe and cause Wheezing Shortness of breath. According to research submitted at the ATS 2021 International Conference, the use of e-cigarettes can cause wheezing and shortness of breath in young people and adolescents, even those who do not smoke or smoke marijuana.
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According to the research presented at the ATS 2021 International Conference, the use of e-cigarettes is related to wheezing and shortness of breath in young people and adolescents, even if they do not smoke or smoke marijuana.
Dr. Teresa To is an assistant professor of preventive medicine at the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California. He and his colleagues asked 2,931 adolescents and young people (average age: 18.9) through the Internet about their use of e-cigarettes, cigarettes and marijuana in the past 30 days , And self-reported asthma diagnosis and respiratory symptoms. The survey was conducted between August 6th and 30th, 2020.
They found that after controlling for age, gender, and race/ethnicity, respondents who used e-cigarettes for more than 30 days had an increased risk of self-reported asthma, wheezing, and shortness of breath compared with respondents who had never used e-cigarettes. . This relationship still holds true even with statistical control of those who say they have smoked cigarettes or marijuana. After controlling the use of cigarettes and marijuana for more than 30 days, the use of e-cigarettes for more than 30 days is no longer associated with asthma, but it is still associated with increased shortness of breath and wheezing.
The researchers used data collected from the 2015-2016 and 2017-2018 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a cross-sectional survey that collects self-reported information on health conditions, health determinants, and behaviors. They found that 3% of survey participants reported using e-cigarettes in the past 30 days, which is equivalent to 1 in 32 people using e-cigarettes during this period. About half of e-cigarette users also smoke every day. One-eighth (13%) of e-cigarette users suffer from asthma, and asthmatic patients have a nearly 24% increase in the chance of having an asthma attack within 12 months.
“In order to reduce the adverse health effects of e-cigarettes, we should raise awareness of the potential harmful effects of e-cigarettes on health, develop and implement evidence-based strategies to prevent and reduce the use of e-cigarettes, especially among young people,” Dr. To Say. “We should also provide means and support to help those people quit smoking.”
The study included 17,190 individuals aged 12 years and over who participated in CCHS, and 3.1% of them reported using e-cigarettes in the past 30 days. After statistical adjustments for other variables that may affect the results (confounding factors), e-cigarette users are 19% more likely to develop asthma. Current smokers have a 20% higher chance of developing asthma, while former smokers have a 33% higher chance. Those who have never smoked or used e-cigarettes have no significant association with asthma.
“Interestingly, our research found that compared with people who did not use e-cigarettes (7%), the proportion of people who used e-cigarettes was poor (15%).” Dr. To said.
“In addition, those who use e-cigarettes are 60% more likely to self-report high levels of life stress than those who do not. Although e-cigarettes may not cause stress, it seems that the craving for e-cigarettes may be caused by Stress and anxiety are triggered, making it more difficult for e-cigarette users to quit smoking. This may be especially important during a pandemic when stress and anxiety are very common.”
She concluded: “Our research results show that e-cigarette use is a modifiable risk factor for asthma in adolescent primary care.”
(source:internet, reference only)