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What vaccines should adults receive except COVID-19 vaccine?
What vaccines should adults receive except COVID-19 vaccine? The list of vaccinations worth getting for adults is here for you
What vaccines can adults get? What infectious diseases can be prevented? Who especially recommend vaccination? What vaccines can adults get?
What infectious diseases can be prevented? Who especially recommend vaccination?
Today we are according to age groups and different groups of people
Let me give you a few highlights~
Hepatitis B vaccine (3 shots)
1. Why should I get the hepatitis B vaccine?
- Vaccination of hepatitis B vaccine can reduce the risk of liver cancer!
- If hepatitis B is not actively treated, it may progress to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis B is a high-risk factor leading to liver cancer!
- Actively vaccinating hepatitis B vaccine can avoid infection with hepatitis B virus, thereby reducing the risk of liver cancer!
2. Who is recommended to receive hepatitis B vaccine?
Family members of hepatitis B virus carriers, medical personnel who often come into contact with blood, people with multiple sexual partners, intravenous drug users, etc.
1 to 2 months after vaccination, high-risk groups are recommended to go to the hospital to check the hepatitis B surface antibody. If the result is positive, the vaccine has worked.
Varicella vaccine (2 shots)
1. Why should I get the varicella vaccine?
Protect high-risk adults!
Varicella is caused by herpes zoster virus infection. The first infection is more common in children. It is highly contagious and has self-healing properties.
The virus can be latent in the human body for a long time and rarely recurs, but it may induce herpes zoster.
If an adult who has never had chickenpox and has not been vaccinated is infected for the first time, the symptoms are generally heavier than children, and may even be life-threatening.
2. Which adults are recommended to fight?
❶ People who have never had chickenpox nor vaccinated against chickenpox.
❷ Teachers, medical staff, pregnant women (pregnant women with chickenpox may affect the fetus).
❸ People who have had close contact with chickenpox patients.
HPV vaccine (3 shots)
1. Why is HPV vaccine recommended?
Prevent cervical cancer!
The occurrence of cervical cancer is closely related to high-risk HPV virus infection.
HPV vaccination can prevent high-risk HPV infection, thereby effectively preventing cervical cancer.
2. The effect on women of all ages:
❶ Women aged 11 to 13: Women in this age group have the greatest level of antibody and protection after vaccination.
❷ Women before the age of 26: Around the age of 26 is the peak period of infection, and the effect of vaccination before is better. Can be vaccinated with bivalent, quadrivalent, and 9-valent vaccines.
❸ Women before 45 years old: 45 years old is the second peak of infection, 27-45 years old is recommended to be vaccinated with bivalent and quadrivalent vaccines.
HPV vaccine has the best protective effect on women who have not had sex. For women over 45, vaccination is of little significance.
A vaccine suitable for middle-aged people
Shingles vaccine (2 injections)
1. What are the benefits of vaccination against shingles?
Avoid painful neuralgia!
This kind of pain, which is known worldwide, is pain like electric shock or burning. Shingles mostly occurs in the head, face, neck, chest, and lumbosacral area, and generally only affects one side. Severely, it will be as painful as giving birth, or even more painful than giving birth! 95% of people are potential patients!
Although shingles itself can heal itself, if you do not intervene in time, neuralgia after shingles may occur.
Shingles can persist for many years and lack effective treatments. And vaccination can prevent it from happening.
2. Who are recommended to be vaccinated?
People over 50 years of age with immunodeficiency, especially women.
The current research shows that the protective effect of the shingles vaccine lasts at least 4 years. After 4 years, it is not clear whether booster immunization is needed.
Recommended vaccines for the elderly
Pneumonia vaccine (1-2 shots)
1. What are the benefits of vaccination against pneumonia?
It can effectively prevent pneumococcal infection and reduce the risk of pneumonia, otitis media, and sinusitis.
Pneumococcal bacteria can not only cause pneumonia, but also cause sinusitis, otitis media, meningitis, sepsis and so on.
Elderly people are at high risk of pneumococcal infection due to decreased immune function and various chronic diseases, and the mortality rate is high.
2. Which seniors are recommended to be vaccinated first?
❶ Elderly people over 60 years old.
❷ Patients with chronic heart, brain, lung, kidney disease, or diabetes patients and other chronic diseases.
❸ Cancer patients and other patients with diseases that can cause weakened immune function.
Flu vaccine (1 dose per year)
1. What are the benefits of flu vaccination?
Reduce flu mortality!
Unlike the common cold, the elderly are at a higher risk of suffering from influenza, which may cause complications such as pneumonia and myocarditis, which may be life-threatening. Therefore, it is recommended that
the entire population, including the elderly, be actively vaccinated.
2. Which adults recommend priority vaccination?
❶ Elderly people 60 years old and above.
❷ Patients with specific chronic diseases (such as patients with coronary heart disease, diabetes, liver and kidney dysfunction, immunodeficiency and other diseases).
❸ Medical staff, family members and caregivers of babies under 6 months old, etc.
The subtypes of influenza that are prevalent every year may be different, so it needs to be vaccinated once a year. It is recommended that people at risk be actively vaccinated.
Other common vaccines
Vaccination is generally recommended for people of the right age
Influenza vaccine, pneumonia vaccine (≥60 years old), HPV vaccine (9-45 years old female), shingles vaccine (≥50 years old)
Suitable for high-risk groups and missed seedlings to replant
Hepatitis B vaccine, Hepatitis A vaccine, MMR vaccine
Suitable for vaccination of high-risk groups
Pneumonia vaccine (<60 years old), chickenpox vaccine
Suitable for vaccination under special circumstances
Rabies vaccine, etc.
(source:internet, reference only)