August 8, 2022

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COVID-19 may be the natural enemy of men’s “happiness”…

COVID-19 may be the natural enemy of men’s “happiness”…

 

COVID-19 may be the natural enemy of men’s “happiness”… After reading this article, hurry up to get a vaccine and quit smoking…

 

Recently, the journal ANDROLOGY published a study that pointed out that the risk of erectile dysfunction (ED) in men caused by the new coronavirus infection has increased by nearly 6 times. The corresponding author of the study, Dr. Emmanuele A. Jannini, professor of endocrinology and medical sexuality at the University of Rome II, said that ED may be a short-term and long-term complication of the COVID-19 and recommends that men receive the COVID-19 vaccine.

 

The data also shows that ED is a sign of increased susceptibility to the new coronavirus. Men with ED are more than 5 times more likely to be infected with COVID-19 than men without ED (odds ratio [OR] = 5.27).

 

COVID-19 may be the natural enemy of men's "happiness"...

Figure 1 Research that clarifies the various links between COVID-19and male ED

 

 

How does COVID-19 relate to the “happiness” of men?

 

There are many clinical phenotypes of COVID-19, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Microvascular thrombosis and inflammation caused by cytokine storm can promote the progression of pulmonary complications. Some evidence also shows that even “silent”, asymptomatic COVID-19 infections can cause subclinical microvascular involvement, and if things go on like this, cardiovascular sequelae may continue.

 

Endothelial dysfunction can not only trigger more severe clinical subtypes, but also cause different comorbidities. In fact, COVID-19 can even be regarded as an endothelial disease, and its systemic manifestations may be caused by tissue ischemia caused by changes in endothelial thrombotic/fibrinolytic balance. In addition, the endothelium also expresses many auxiliary factors that the new coronavirus needs to invade host cells.

 

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is often regarded as a sign of endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, it is bold to guess that there is a certain connection between endothelial damage caused by COVID-19 and ED.

 

In addition, people have also found that there are common risk factors between ED and new coronavirus infection-hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. That is to say, people with any of the above factors are more likely to be ED patients, and more likely to be ED patients. Easily infected with the new coronavirus.

 

 

How was this research done?

 

Researchers retrieved data from the Sex @ COVID study-an anonymous web-based questionnaire that investigated the psychological, relationship and sexual health of Italians from April 7 to May 4, 2020. The researchers selected 100 participants from the 985 sexually active men in the Sex @ COVID cohort, of which 25 (2.54%) were new coronavirus-positive (COVID+) patients, and 75 were based on age, BMI, and universality. The Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and the Depression Screening Self-Rating Scale (PHQ-9 score) are matched for the new coronavirus-negative (COVID-) population.

 

The data of the study participants is shown in Table 1. There were no statistically significant differences in age, BMI, GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores between the two groups. However, the researchers found that the proportion of ED in the COVID+ group was significantly higher.

 

Table 1 The proportion of ED in the COVID+ group was significantly higher

COVID-19 may be the natural enemy of men's "happiness"...

 

The prevalence of ED in the COVID+ group (7/25, 28%) was significantly higher than that in the COVID- group (7/75, 9.33%; p=0.0274) (Figure 2).

 

COVID-19 may be the natural enemy of men's "happiness"...

Figure 2 The incidence of ED in the COVID+ group and COVID− group

 

The Logistic regression model also confirmed that the odds ratio of ED in patients with COVID-19 infection is 5.66 [95% CI: 1.50-24.01], which means that the risk of ED in patients with COVID-19 infection is 5.66 times higher than that of ordinary people.

 

Since ED may also be an effective clinical marker for a variety of potentially unknown diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, the researchers also measured the risk of contracting COVID-19 after being diagnosed with ED. After adjusting for age, BMI, etc., the Logistic regression model (Table 2) showed that the odds ratio of COVID-19 infections in ED patients was 5.27 [95%CI: 1.49-20.09].

 

Table 2 The odds ratio of ED patients infected with COVID-19 is 5.27

COVID-19 may be the natural enemy of men's "happiness"...

 

That is, the risk of ED people contracting COVID-19 is 5.27 times higher than that of ordinary people.

 

 

Not only affect “happiness”,

The COVID-19 may also affect reproductive capacity…

 

The negative impact of the new coronavirus on male reproductive capacity is another topic of concern. However, due to the fact that the sample size of real-world research is too small, the research takes a long time and a series of issues, this question has not been finalized yet. However, this does not mean that the virus may affect male fertility is groundless. Many scholars have scientifically demonstrated the possible mechanism behind this, such as the following article (Figure 3).

 

Figure 3 An article revealing the mechanism behind the impact of the new coronavirus on male fertility

 

It is understood that the new coronavirus invades cells through the mediation between the viral spike protein (S protein) and the ACE2 receptor (Figure 4), and the ACE2 receptor is highly expressed in testicular cells, especially in the seminiferous ducts. .

 

Figure 4 Mechanism diagram: New coronavirus enters cells

 

The meta-analysis of the scRNA-seq data set by Wei et al. showed that ACE2 is expressed in most prostate epithelial cell clusters, fibroblasts and pericytes, as well as in Leydig and Sertoli cells. The report of Zhao Y et al. showed that ACE2 is highly expressed in spermatogonia, testicular stromal cells and supporting cells, and is enriched in the latter two. Pseudotime analysis pointed out that if spermatogonia are infected and destroyed by the new coronavirus, the spermatogenesis process will also be disrupted, and the potential of ACE2-positive Leydig and Sertoli cells to support the spermatogenesis process after infection with the new coronavirus decreases. In addition, the author added that the expression of ACE2 is related to age. The older the man, the greater the number of ACE2 positive cells.

 

In addition, the new coronavirus can affect the secretion of gonadotropins, androgens and testosterone, but the direct impact of this series of changes on male reproductive capacity is still unknown.

 

At the end of the article, the author pointed out that people with COVID-19 infection who need to have a child should follow up their spermatogenesis for a long time. He also called on people with COVID-19 infection to include semen analysis and color Doppler ultrasound examination into routine examinations to find out scrotal discomfort and testicular damage in time. For patients with abnormal semen analysis results, sex hormone levels should also be checked to assess gonad endocrine dysfunction.

 

 

In addition to vaccinating to reduce the risk of infection,

Quitting smoking is also a way for men to guard their “happiness”!

 

Recent studies have shown that smoking can increase the risk of COVID-19 infection in men. Are you surprised or surprised?

 

We know that COVID-19 infection begins with the binding of the ACE2 receptor to the COVID-19 virus S protein. Compared with healthy subjects, the expression of ACE2 in the respiratory bronchial epithelial cells of smokers increases, which will promote the coronavirus to enter the epithelial cells and proliferate . And the upregulation of the androgen pathway mediated by smoking will also increase the body’s susceptibility to the new coronavirus.

 

In addition, smoking can strengthen the inflammatory factor storm caused by COVID-19 in the body. For patients with COVID-19, the clinical manifestations and inflammatory damage of smokers are more serious than non-smokers. This has been reported in many countries such as Iran, the United States, Japan, and Kuwait. Proved in the queue.

 

The good news is that although the effects of smoking can last for several years, the benefits of quitting smoking are almost immediate. Within 24 hours after quitting smoking, the body begins to repair tobacco-related damage. Quitting smoking can also normalize the epithelial structure of the respiratory tract. With the natural removal of mucus and debris in the body, the cilia of the lungs and respiratory tract will also be improved. These benefits become more obvious within a few months after quitting smoking, and will continue to improve as the length of time to quit smoking increases.

 

 

Summary

Seeing this, I believe that the majority of men get this warning-ED may be a short-term and long-term complication of the new coronavirus, and it may have a potential impact on reproductive capacity.

In order to protect your “happiness”, in addition to paying attention to daily protection against COVID-19, such as gathering less, washing hands frequently, developing good living habits, and strengthening exercise to enhance immunity, you may also need to get a vaccine and quit smoking.

 

 

(source:internet, reference only)


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