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Why do polyps in these 4 sites need to be removed soon to avoid cancer?
Why do polyps in these 4 sites need to be removed soon to avoid cancer? Stomach polyps mostly originate from protruding lesions in which epithelial cells of the gastric mucosa protrude into the stomach. Its predisposing factors are mostly related to repeated episodes of chronic gastritis, Helicobacter pylori infection and long-term alcohol consumption.
When it comes to polyps, everyone is familiar with them. Simply put, they are neoplasms that grow on the surface of the human mucosa. Polyps are divided into many types, including proliferative, inflammatory, hamartoma, adenoma, etc., and polyps are benign A kind of tumor, when there is such a problem, patients often pay little attention to it.
However, oncologists warn that if polyps grow in the following four areas, they may have a tendency to become malignant, and only early treatment can prevent problems.
1. Intestinal polyps
According to clinical data, it is found that about 95% of colorectal cancer patients develop from adenomatous polyps, especially multiple adenomatous polyps with a diameter of more than two centimeters, and the cancer rate is even as high as 50%.
However, because intestinal polyps are clinically divided into two categories: adenomas and non-adenomas. Non-adenomas mainly include inflammatory hyperplasia and have little relationship with the incidence of intestinal cancer. Therefore, after polyps grow in the intestine, everyone First of all, we should determine which one is, and then find the best treatment plan to avoid the malignant transformation of polyps.
Not only that, some studies have shown that some adenomatous polyps still have family inheritance characteristics, but most of them are autosomal dominant inherited diseases, and they may develop disease when the patient is around 20 years old. If preventive measures are not taken, later The cancer rate can even reach 100%.
Therefore, for people in the family who have had intestinal adenomatous muscles, it is necessary to develop the habit of regular physical examinations.
2. Gallbladder polyps
Unlike colorectal polyps, although gallbladder polyps are divided into adenomatous and cholesteric polyps, there are fewer adenomatous polyps that appear clinically, but as long as they appear, the possibility of canceration is greater. Generally speaking, the adenomatous muscle is a single existence. Once it exceeds one centimeter, the probability of cancer will increase exponentially.
Cholesterol polyps are not completely immune to cancer, because they will cause abnormal gallbladder function during their growth, and then develop into gallbladder effusion, cholecystitis, and continuous stimulation of chronic inflammation can also cause cancer.
Therefore, as long as it is found that polyps have grown in the gallbladder, and the growth is too large, no matter which type it belongs to, it must be removed in time.
3. Stomach polyps
Stomach polyps mostly originate from protruding lesions in which epithelial cells of the gastric mucosa protrude into the stomach. Its predisposing factors are mostly related to repeated episodes of chronic gastritis, Helicobacter pylori infection and long-term alcohol consumption. In addition, gastric polyps and intestinal polyps are relatively similar. Patients in the early stages of illness often do not feel the existence of the disease, and their symptoms change with the development of the disease.
However, if its diameter is less than one centimeter and the number is small, only regular observation is required. However, if the diameter exceeds two centimeters and the infection is accompanied by Helicobacter pylori, it also needs immediate surgery and regular review.
4. Cervical polyps
For women, the uterus is a very important organ, but the uterus is very fragile. If a polyp grows and is stimulated by chronic inflammation, it will not only destroy the physiological environment of the patient’s vagina and affect the pregnancy rate, but also the probability of malignant transformation. Therefore, if you are diagnosed with cervical polyps, you should follow the doctor’s advice and do the next step of treatment.
All in all, although most of the clinical polyps are benign, due to the complex structure of the human body and the influence of various factors, some muscles do have the possibility of malignant transformation, such as the cervical polyps, gastric polyps, and gallbladder polyps mentioned above. , Intestinal polyps. Therefore, in order to prevent the arrival of malignant diseases, it is best to remove them in time after having polyps.
(source:internet, reference only)