- FDA delays approval of new Friedrich’s ataxia drug Omaveloxolone
- Can ADC drug effectively treat brain metastases from breast cancer?
- Could hypothyroidism lead to a surge in dementia risk?
- High-frequency aspirin use is associated with a 13% reduction in ovarian cancer risk
- Why don’t all obese people get type 2 diabetes?
- Toxic PFAS chemicals make rainwater unsafe to drink around the world
What people should pay attention on thyroid nodules developing into cancer?
What people should pay attention on thyroid nodules developing into cancer? Will thyroid nodules become cancerous? Check out thyroid nodules, do not want to become cancerous, the following high-risk groups should be checked regularly.
In recent years, the incidence of thyroid cancer has increased significantly in many countries. Although thyroid cancer is known as “lazy cancer”, the progress of the disease is slow, but if it is not taken seriously, it will kill people in the later stage. Therefore, in order to avoid health damage, it is recommended that everyone go to the hospital for physical examination regularly to find out the condition in time and deal with it early.
Many people will be diagnosed with thyroid nodules during physical examination, and many thyroid cancers develop from thyroid nodules in clinic, so they are very worried for fear that their condition will worsen.
So, will the thyroid nodules become cancerous?
Thyroid nodules do not necessarily become cancerous. Data show that about 80% to 90% of thyroid nodules are benign nodules. This type of nodules will not become cancerous, and only about 10% of the nodules are malignant and may become cancerous.
Generally speaking, the progress of thyroid nodules is very slow. If thyroid nodules are found during physical examination and are small in size and cause no obvious discomfort, special treatment is not necessary, as long as regular review is enough. Generally, it is recommended to check every 3 to 6 months. Once, if the nodule tends to increase during the period, the doctor should be notified in time and a needle biopsy should be performed to clarify the nature of the nodule.
The following groups of people are at high risk of thyroid cancer and should go to the hospital for regular check-ups and take preventive measures:
People with a family history of thyroid cancer have a higher risk of thyroid cancer than ordinary people. In addition, people with abnormal thyroid examination, a history of thyroid surgery, and a history of thyroid radiation are also high-risk groups for thyroid cancer, as well as those with immune deficiencies and blood lipids. People who are abnormal, have hyperprolactinemia, have pericardial effusion, and those who take lithium preparations, amiodarone, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors are also more likely to develop thyroid cancer.
In addition to going to the hospital for regular checkups in the above nine categories of people, they should also pay more attention to their physical abnormalities in their lives. When the following five symptoms appear, they should be alert to the occurrence of thyroid cancer:
The thyroid gland is located next to the trachea. Once the thyroid gland becomes cancerous, the tumor can compress the vocal cord nerves, causing the symptoms of hoarseness.
Difficulty swallowing or breathing
As the tumor continues to grow, the tumor can move up and down with the swallowing action, and can compress the trachea, causing difficulty in breathing, or it can cause difficulty in swallowing due to compression of the esophagus.
Thyroid tumors continue to grow, which can compress and invade the surrounding trachea and esophagus, causing patients to have persistent cough and sometimes hemoptysis.
Diarrhea seems to have nothing to do with the thyroid. However, if you are suffering from medullary thyroid cancer, it can cause severe diarrhea. The diarrhea can occur continuously and repeatedly. In severe cases, the number of bowel movements per day can reach more than 20 times.
If there is a lump in the neck, and the lump is hard in texture, irregular in shape, not smooth on the surface, more than 2 cm in diameter, and the volume increases obviously in a short time, this kind of lump should also be paid attention to.
In short, if the physical examination shows that the thyroid nodules should not be taken lightly, but you should not be too panic. Most thyroid nodules are benign and will not become cancerous. However, if the nodules grow in a short period of time, they may be malignant. It is necessary to go to the hospital for examination as soon as possible to clarify its nature and avoid deterioration of the condition.
(source:internet, reference only)