July 23, 2024

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Diphtheria outbreak: 783 patients in hospital and 61 people died

Diphtheria outbreak: 783 patients in hospital and 61 people died



 

Diphtheria outbreak: 783 patients in hospital and 61 people died.

Recently, a diphtheria outbreak broke out in Kano State, Nigeria. As of March 2, local time, a total of 783 patients were admitted to the hospital and 61 people died.

Salma Suvid, case manager for Kano State at the Nigeria Center for Disease Control and Prevention, disclosed the data at a seminar, where she emphasized the urgent need for vaccinations to stop the spread of the disease.

Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that affects the upper airways, causing difficulty breathing, heart failure, and even death. The disease is highly contagious and spreads easily through coughing and sneezing.

In 2016, 86% of the world’s children received three doses of diphtheria vaccine at the age of 1, and the number of diphtheria patients was only over 7,000, making diphtheria a disease that people can almost forget.

 

Diphtheria outbreak: 783 patients in hospital and 61 people died.

 

 

 


What is Diphtheria?

 

Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The infection typically affects the respiratory system, causing a thick grey or white coating to develop in the throat, which can make it difficult to breathe.

Diphtheria can also affect other parts of the body, such as the skin, eyes, and genitals. If left untreated, the toxins produced by the bacteria can spread throughout the body and cause serious complications, such as heart failure, paralysis, and death.

Diphtheria used to be a common disease, but widespread vaccination has dramatically reduced the number of cases worldwide. However, outbreaks can still occur in areas with low vaccination rates, and the disease remains a serious public health concern in some parts of the world.

 

 


What are the typical symptom of Diphtheria?

 
 

The symptoms of diphtheria can vary depending on the severity of the infection, but typically include:

  1. Sore throat: A mild to severe sore throat is usually the first symptom of diphtheria.

  2. Thick grey or white coating in the throat or tonsils: This coating can make it difficult to breathe or swallow.

  3. Fever: A high fever is common in people with diphtheria.

  4. Swollen glands: The lymph nodes in the neck may become swollen and tender.

  5. Weakness and fatigue: Diphtheria can cause weakness and fatigue, especially in severe cases.

In some cases, diphtheria can also cause skin lesions or a swollen, red area on the genitals. It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect you or someone you know may have diphtheria, as prompt treatment can help prevent serious complications.

 

 


How to treat Diphtheria?

 

Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that requires prompt medical attention. The treatment typically involves a combination of medications and supportive care, including:

  1. Antitoxin: This medication is used to neutralize the toxins produced by the bacteria and prevent further damage to the body.

  2. Antibiotics: These medications are used to kill the bacteria that cause diphtheria and prevent the infection from spreading.

  3. Supportive care: Patients with diphtheria may require supportive care, such as oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation, to help them breathe.

  4. Isolation: Patients with diphtheria are usually isolated to prevent the spread of the infection to others.

In some cases, patients may require hospitalization for treatment. It is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you suspect you or someone you know may have diphtheria, as prompt treatment can help prevent serious complications and improve outcomes. Additionally, vaccination against diphtheria is available and recommended to prevent infection.

 

 

 

 

Diphtheria outbreak: 783 patients in hospital and 61 people died

(source:internet, reference only)


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