November 27, 2022

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Important COVID-19 vaccine information for pregnant women and women

Important COVID-19 vaccine information for pregnant women and women

Important COVID-19 vaccine information for pregnant women and women.  Information about vaccination of pregnant women and women.

1. Can pregnant women be vaccinated against COVID-19?

The early new coronavirus vaccine experimental group did not deliberately include pregnant women, but some experimental participants were pregnant without knowing it or became pregnant during the experiment. Similarly, since the advent of the new coronavirus vaccine for mRNA, tens of thousands of pregnant women have been immunized, and the CDC’s V-safe program is also monitoring the situation of many vaccinated pregnant women.

In the current vaccination data for pregnant women, no problems have been found, and the vaccine is also effective. While continuing to monitor pregnant women and their babies, the CDC in the United States recently changed its statement on COVID-19 vaccines for pregnant women to more clearly recommend pregnant women to be vaccinated.

All pregnant women should keep in mind the following two points:

1) If pregnant women who have received the COVID-19 vaccine have a fever after vaccination, they should take acetaminophen (Tylenol), because if fever occurs during pregnancy, it will have a negative impact on the developing fetus. It has been proven safe to take acetaminophen during pregnancy.

2) Regardless of whether vaccinated or not, pregnant women should take corresponding preventive measures, because pregnant women are at a very high risk of contracting COVID-19. Compared with women of the same age who are infected but not pregnant, pregnant women are more likely to be hospitalized and enter the ICU due to COVID-19.

Last updated 4/23/2021

2. If I am breastfeeding, can I get the COVID-19 vaccine?

OK. Although breastfeeding women were not included in clinical trials, current data show that COVID-19 will not be transmitted through breast milk, so vaccination should not cause any concern. On the other hand, some breastfeeding women are at higher risk of infection, so the benefits of vaccines are greater.

In addition, women do not need to delay breastfeeding before and after vaccination.

After the mother is vaccinated, the baby may also benefit from antibodies or immune cells obtained in breast milk. This phenomenon is called passive immunity.

Both the Academy of Medical Sciences (ABM) and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) support breastfeeding.

Last Update Time: 4/23/2021

3. If I have been vaccinated against COVID-19, should I postpone pregnancy?

No, you do not need to postpone pregnancy. However, if you become pregnant within 30 days of vaccination, you should consider registering for V-safe in the United States, which is an APP provided by the CDC to track the safety of the COVID-19 vaccine.

Last update time: 3/1/2021

4. Can women be vaccinated during their menstrual period?

Yes, women do not need to adjust the vaccination time according to the menstrual cycle.

Vaccines or menstrual cycles have a limited impact on the immune system and are not enough to deliberately stagger the time. Therefore, delaying vaccination due to the menstrual period will only make women unable to obtain vaccine protection for a longer period of time without providing any benefits.

The mRNA and adenovirus vaccine will start to work in the immune cells near the injection site, and then these cells will pass through the lymphatic system to reach the surrounding lymph nodes, where other cells of the immune system are activated. Therefore, the vaccine is not expected to affect the menstrual cycle. If a woman’s menstrual period is delayed after vaccination, one possibility is hormonal changes caused by stress, which may affect the woman’s cycle. However, women who are worried about their menstrual period should discuss with their doctor, because the delay of the menstrual period may be other reasons.

The last update time: 4/23/2021

5. Why was told to wait a month after the COVID-19 vaccine to get a mammogram?

Some people experience swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpits after receiving the mRNA vaccine. This phenomenon may be misdiagnosed as the spread of breast cancer to lymph nodes during breast examination. Therefore, delaying breast examination after the vaccination can avoid this situation.

Last update time: 3/1/2021

6. Will the COVID-19 vaccine cause fertility problems?

It has not been found that women or men infected with COVID-19 will have infertility problems, so people do not need to have such concerns about vaccines.

Unfortunately, misinformation about fertility-related issues has been circulating online. There are currently two concerns:

Impaired fertility of vaccinated people – the initial concern was related to the placental protein (syncytial protein 1), which is related to the placenta during pregnancy. There is an online paper claiming that there are a few similar amino acids in spike protein and placental protein, causing vaccine-induced antibodies to respond to syncytin-1. This misconception has been corrected. Recent concerns have involved men, believing that vaccines can reduce sperm counts. Although fever can cause a temporary decrease in sperm count, there is actually no biologically reasonable reason to believe that the vaccine will have a long-term effect on sperm count.

Contact with someone who has recently received the COVID-19 vaccine can cause impaired fertility-this misunderstanding obscures two concepts: the impact on fertility and the shedding of the virus. As mentioned above, the vaccine will not affect the fertility of the vaccinated person, so there is no reason to think that it will also affect the fertility of other people.

Second, this misunderstanding assumes that people who have recently been vaccinated will shed viruses or spike proteins, but in fact none of these will happen. Although vaccines enable the body to produce spike proteins, they do not produce complete virus particles, nor do they cause parts of the vaccine to migrate to the nasal cavity. In this way, people who have recently been vaccinated will not shed any part of the virus and therefore cannot transmit vaccine-related components to another person.

The last update time: 5/13/2021

Disclaimer

This article is for reference only and does not constitute any medical advice. For your specific situation, please contact your doctor.

(source:internet, reference only)


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