- Why are vegetarians more likely to suffer from depression than meat eaters?
- Small wireless device implanted between skin and skull helps kill cancer cells
- Will the mRNA vaccine that can cure cancer come out near soon?
- Allogeneic T-cell therapy set for landmark first approval
- Boston University denies that the new COVID strain they made has 80% fatality rate
- A new generation of virus-free CAR-T cell therapy
6 most common heart surgeries
6 most common heart surgeries. Cardiovascular medicine is developing rapidly, especially many heart diseases can only wait for death many years ago, and now they have developed to the point where they can change their hearts.
Different heart diseases will choose different heart surgeries. What is the difference between these common heart surgeries?
We still compare the heart to a high-tech house, with waterways, circuits, frames, doors and windows, etc., but the house sometimes needs to be repaired, so there are various heart operations:
1. Heart stent:
Minimally invasive surgery in internal medicine, the patient is fully awake and does not require surgery;
It enters from a blood vessel and is used for coronary heart disease, that is, if the cardiovascular system is narrowed or blocked, a stent is used to support the narrowed place, so it is called a heart stent. For acute myocardial infarction and sudden angina pectoris that cannot be controlled by drugs, a heart stent is a good surgical method.
Regardless of whether it is a stent or not, you need to live a healthy life and take medicine!
For example, the water pipe in our house was blocked. We opened it first, and then in order to prevent it from being blocked again, we put a net-like shelf inside the blocked pipe.
2. Heart bypass:
In surgery, the patient needs general anesthesia, and even cardiac arrest;
Take a few blood vessels from other parts of the body and suture them to the heart. It is also used for coronary heart disease. The blood vessels are narrowed or blocked. They are not suitable for stents. They can be bridged. A new channel for blood supply is established. Need to open the chest.
After bypass surgery, it is also necessary to take coronary heart disease drugs for a long time and live a healthy life!
It’s like the water pipe in our house is blocked, but we can’t get it through. What should I do? Rebuild a new pipe to pass water.
In medical surgery, the patient is locally anesthetized, and a small incision is required;
The heartbeat is too slow, there is no way to control it, it will faint and die, but the blood supply and ejection function of the heart is OK. Simply put, the heart’s own battery is not working. Put an artificial battery to power the heart and make the heart beat normally. . There is also a kind of pacemaker that treats heart failure. The above mentioned heart transplantation, but after all, the cost is high and there are few donors, but people with advanced heart failure also need treatment. There is a three-chamber pacemaker that treats heart failure. , This pacemaker belongs to medical treatment.
After ordinary pacemaker surgery, you need to check regularly every year to see if the pacemaker is working properly, monitor whether the battery is charged, and there is no need to take medicine after the heart rate is slow; a simple understanding of the three-shot pacemaker is to make the heart beat more normally. Medicines for heart failure need to be taken regularly.
It’s like our house was powered off and we bought a generator, but this generator generally only lasts for 8 years, so we have to replace it with a new one.
4. Cardiac radiofrequency surgery:
Medical surgery, minimally invasive, operation from blood vessels;
The above said that the heartbeat is too slow to install a battery for pacemaker therapy. But the heartbeat is chaotic, that is, the circuit inside the heart is broken, the heart always beating, or beating too fast, then find a way to use electricity to burn this circuit that shouldn’t appear, this is a cardiac radiofrequency ablation operation. On the redundant road, the heart can only beat according to the normal route, and then it returns to normal.
Radiofrequency surgery, some heart diseases with fast heartbeat can be cured, no need to continue taking medicine!
It’s like the circuit in our house is messed up. Let’s reorganize it.
5. Heart closure:
It is a minimally invasive surgery in internal medicine. One is the left atrial appendage which is a way to treat thrombosis caused by atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is prone to thrombosis. If the thrombus falls off, cerebral infarction will occur. It won’t fall off, and there will be no cerebral infarction.
After the operation, the heart rhythm needs to be monitored for recurrence, and anticoagulants need to be taken for a period of time.
There is also congenital heart disease, which is more common in young children. After birth, a hole is found in the wall of the heart.
It’s like a place in the house that leaks something, and we try to plug it with something.
6. Heart transplantation, heart exchange:
hould be the largest operation in all heart operations. I can figure it out. It is necessary to cut the patient’s heart and then transplant another heart to the patient. The technical content is very high, and a heart provider is needed. A very large operation is relatively expensive, and there are a certain number of heart providers. Generally, people who need to change their hearts, most of them are in the late stage of heart failure, and the drugs are basically ineffective, but other organs are good and young, so they consider changing their hearts.
This is easy to understand, the house is not working anymore, change the house!
43531610441784891 These are the common heart operations. The development of various heart operations has improved the symptoms of many patients and prolonged the lifespan of many patients. But again, many diseases can be prevented.
The best treatment is not surgery, but prevention!
(sourceinternet, reference only)