- ‘Most Expensive Drug’ Zolgensma facing new challenge after Two Children Died
- Hair loss and sexual dysfunction added to list of symptoms of long-COVID along with fatigue and brain fog
- Merck diabetes drug Sitagliptin was hit by carcinogenic impurities
- CDC relaxes and reiterates its COVID-19 guidance
- How does NOVAVAX solve the dilemma when COVID-19 vaccine sales plummeted by 90%?
- Scientists develop new antibiotic molecule that kills several superbugs
How to treat polycystic ovary syndrome by drugs and… ?
How to treat polycystic ovary syndrome by drugs and… ? Once polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is diagnosed, you should receive treatment early to reduce future complications.
The harm of polycystic ovary syndrome is not only infertility, amenorrhea, low menstrual flow, acne, hirsutism, and hair loss. In the long term, it will also increase cardiovascular disease risk factors, and increase the risk of endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer. Probability, it can be seen that the harm caused by polycystic ovary syndrome is so great!
So, what should you do if you are diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
Once polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is diagnosed, standard treatment is recommended to reduce future complications.
1. Stick to a healthy life
Regardless of obesity or fertility requirements, PCOS patients should first begin to adjust their lifestyles, including diet, exercise, and behavioral interventions.
A good lifestyle includes three aspects:
One sentence can be summarized as “a balanced diet, total control, reasonable distribution, and regular and quantitative”.
Nutritional treatment needs to choose a balanced diet and a diet that conforms to their own eating habits; maintain a reasonable weight: The goal of weight reduction for overweight/obese patients is to lose 5%-10% in 3 to 6 months.
It is recommended that patients have a low-salt, low-fat, and low-sugar diet, and choose foods containing more soluble plant fiber (coarse grains), such as buckwheat, oats, millet, corn, etc., and eat leafy vegetables.
The general principle of exercise is: choose the right amount, rhythmic, whole body exercise, do what you can, make progress gradually, and persevere.
It is recommended to choose exercise time 1 hour after breakfast or dinner. Sports can be brisk walking, jogging, cycling, Tai Chi, swimming, and badminton.
Exercise must ensure “quality”. The “quality” of exercise refers to the “effective heart rate range” (pulse rate during exercise = 170-age); the “quantity” of exercise refers to the cumulative time required for exercise to reach the effective heart rate of 20- It takes 30 minutes to work.
The frequency of exercise is no less than 5 quality exercises per week. Of course, different forms of exercise can be changed, and it is easier to achieve consistent exercise with companions.
3) Regular weight assessment
Starting from adolescence, regular weight monitoring should be carried out. At the same time, it is necessary to encourage following a healthy lifestyle to prevent weight gain.
2 Drug treatment
1) Oral short-acting contraceptives
At present, oral short-acting contraceptives are the first-line treatment for high androgen and irregular menstruation. However, it should be noted that short-acting oral contraceptives want to improve the clinical manifestations of high androgen such as hirsutism and acne, and it takes at least half a year before they are effective.
Many women with polycystic cysts are puzzled by the fact that doctors prescribe contraceptives during pregnancy.
In fact, for women with fertility needs, the purpose of oral short-acting contraceptives is to regulate endocrine and better pregnancy, not just contraception. This medicine is called contraceptives, it is actually a good medicine to adjust endocrine and help better pregnancy!
Metformin, as a hypoglycemic agent, has been used clinically for more than 60 years and is called the “magic drug” for hypoglycemia. At present, it has been widely used in endocrine hypoglycemic therapy.
In recent years, studies have found that patients with polycystic ovary syndrome have many problems with the glucose metabolism process, which leads to the feeling that “you will get fat when you drink water.”
Therefore, the application of metformin in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome is mainly to improve metabolic problems, cooperate with exercise and diet control. For patients with high-risk metabolic risks, including those with diabetes risk factors, glucose tolerance contraction or high-risk ethnic groups, receive metformin treatment. Better results.
3) Ovulation stimulation treatment
For women who are preparing for pregnancy, in addition to the above lifestyle adjustments and drug treatment to regulate endocrine, the key is to perform ovulation induction therapy under the guidance of experienced doctors, so that they will be better pregnant!
Polycystic ovary syndrome, after solving the fertility problem, is still accompanied by menstrual disorders, metabolic abnormalities, and even endometrial diseases. If these conditions are left unchecked and allowed to develop freely, the results will be gradually aggravated or complicated.
Therefore, patients with polycystic ovary syndrome need long-term management.
(source:internet, reference only)