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Over 90% of intestinal cancer is related to polyps and how to treat polyps?
Over 90% of intestinal cancer is related to polyps and how to treat polyps? there are 3 kinds of signals in the body, or intestinal polyps have lesions.
In recent years, the incidence of colorectal cancer has shown a significant upward trend
The incidence of colorectal cancer has always been high, and it has gradually increased in recent years, and has been the number one gastrointestinal cancer for many years.
In addition, it is troublesome that more than 80% of these patients are in the middle-to-late stage when they are discovered, which greatly increases the difficulty of treatment and also increases the number of deaths of patients.
Therefore, for colorectal cancer, we must be vigilant and properly understand some relevant knowledge so that we can better prevent and fight it.
90% of colorectal cancers are caused by intestinal polyps
Before talking about colon cancer, it is necessary for everyone to understand lower bowel polyps. Data shows that over 90% of bowel cancers are related to polyp canceration.
In fact, from a professional point of view, intestinal polyps is not a disease diagnosis, but a manifestation of its shape. It can be single or multiple, and the size can be the size of sesame, pea, peanut or even chestnut. It is mostly caused by the combination of heredity, living habits, environment and other factors. Therefore, we must pay enough attention to intestinal polyps.
Reminder: The presence of these signals in the body is the sign of intestinal polyps.
1. Abdominal pain
It can occur in most patients, mainly in the mid-abdomen or around the umbilical area. The pain is intermittent. In the later stage, the pain can be strengthened and may become continuous pain.
2. Stool with blood
It is also a more representative item, but it is very similar to hemorrhoids, so it is often confused. Please note that if it is caused by intestinal polyps, the blood color is mostly bright red, mostly adheres to the surface of the stool, and will not be mixed into it. If it is secondary to inflammation and infection, it can be mucus and bloody stools.
3. Anemia, weight loss
This situation is generally more common in the later stages of the disease, because of the consumption of the disease and other reasons, it is prone to manifestations such as anemia and weight loss.
When intestinal polyps are found, the “good” and “bad” polyps should be distinguished first. Hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps are non-neoplastic polyps, which are “friendly molecules” and have a low chance of becoming cancerous. Adenomatous polyps include tubular glands. Tumors, villous adenomas, and tubular villous adenomas are “badass molecules”, which are precancerous lesions with a high chance of becoming cancerous. So pay attention to distinction.
For the sake of safety, doctors usually recommend that you remove intestinal polyps when they are found. Why is this?
Regular recommendation is to remove any polyp because polyps are found after colonoscopy. It is impossible to judge whether the polyps are non-neoplastic or neoplastic only by visual inspection, so they need to be cut for pathological examination to confirm. If it is a hyperplastic polyp with a diameter of less than 0.5 cm, although it can be followed up for observation first, since it has been found, why not remove it in time? And if it is a neoplastic intestinal polyp, there is a certain chance of canceration. Although there is still a period of time before canceration, as a hidden danger, keeping it will always make people uneasy. Therefore, for these reasons, once intestinal polyps are found, it is basically recommended to remove them.
To prevent colorectal cancer, two things need to be done
In view of the high incidence of colorectal cancer, it is recommended that you focus on prevention and try to do the following 2 points:
Early screening is the key
This is extremely important to improve the cure rate of cancer, because the reason why cancer is difficult to treat is often because the patient is in the middle and advanced stages when the patient is detected. The cure rate at this stage is very low, and the fourth stage colorectal cancer is 5 years. The survival rate is only about 10%, and early screening can help us find early cancer. Take the United States as an example. The United States has promoted early cancer screening since 1990. In the past 30 years, the incidence and mortality of cancer have decreased significantly, especially It was a direct 51% drop in mortality, and 53% of this was attributed to cancer screening. Therefore, it is recommended that people at high risk of colorectal cancer undergo regular colonoscopy screening.
Adjust your diet and eat less inflammatory foods
Eating right or not is also related to the occurrence of this disease, so pay more attention and try to avoid some foods that can induce this disease, such as inflammatory foods. What are inflammatory foods?
When the body encounters trauma or infection, a large number of inflammatory cells are formed in the body to promote wound healing and body regeneration. But this is under normal circumstances, and occasionally there will be “failure” cases. In the case of failure, these cells will turn into chronic inflammation. Under the long-term stimulation of chronic inflammation, a variety of chronic diseases will occur, including cancers such as colon cancer.
Diet can play a certain role in regulating chronic inflammation. Try to avoid eating foods that promote inflammation. Common ones include animal offal, high-protein diet, fried food, baked meat, and high-sugar beverages.
To reduce the risk of bowel cancer, try to avoid high-fat, high-protein diets, especially fried or roasted meat, which may cause cancer during the production process. It can increase the risk of colorectal cancer; in contrast, it is recommended to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, especially cruciferous vegetables, onions, green tea, etc. Of course, this is only one of the measures to prevent colorectal cancer. If you want to better prevent it, regular screening is still necessary.
In order to prevent this type of cancer, it must be carried out in many ways, including regular screening, developing good eating habits, and paying close attention to your own health, finding intestinal polyps, and removing them in time, so that you can stay far away from it.
(source:internet, reference only)