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Do I have to take medicine if triglyceride is high?
Do I have to take medicine if triglyceride is high? Not all elevated triglycerides require medication, and mild excesses can usually be restored to normal through lifestyle changes. If the value is too high, or there are serious complications, you must seek medical treatment in time, follow the doctor’s advice, and control your diet and improve your lifestyle.
With the increasing work pressure and the accelerating pace of life, many people have some problems with their eating habits, and consequently their blood lipid levels have also increased.
Triglycerides are an important factor leading to atherosclerotic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and pancreatitis. If the examination finds that triglycerides are high, what should I do? Do I need medication? Let’s take a look together next.
Normally, the triglyceride level of a normal person should be in the range of 0.34 to 1.7 mmol/L. If it rises to between 1.7 to 2.3 mmol/L, it is considered to be mildly high triglycerides and usually does not require medication Treatment can be intervened by adjusting lifestyle and changing eating habits. If the test finds that the triglyceride level is significantly increased, reaching 2.3 to 5.6mmol/L or higher than 5.6mmol/L, no matter whether there are any uncomfortable symptoms at this time, medication should be taken to avoid damage to the body.
Triglycerides are greatly affected by diet and lifestyle. Controlling diet and improving lifestyle are the basic measures for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and the first step in treatment. Therefore, no matter whether you choose drug treatment or not, you must adhere to diet control and lifestyle improvement. The general principle is a low-salt, low-fat, low-sugar, high-fiber diet, alcohol restriction, and exercise. Weight loss can effectively reduce triglycerides. People who drink a lot of alcohol can reduce triglycerides by 80% after quitting alcohol, and strengthen exercise can reduce triglycerides by 10-20% or more.
Diet control includes the following three aspects:
① Limit the intake of total energy: proper amount of staple food, mainly compound carbohydrates, such as cereals and potato foods or various coarse grains, to maintain the necessary physiological activities of the human body.
Strictly limit the intake of fried foods and sweets, because most sugars, especially fructose, stimulate the liver to synthesize fat and free fatty acids, leading to elevated triglycerides.
② Limit the intake of animal fats: When triglycerides reach 5.65mmol/L or higher, limiting the intake of fats and oils in food is the most effective way.
③ Increase the intake of dietary fiber: Eat more foods with high dietary fiber content such as fresh vegetables, grains, beans and soy products, which will help reduce the increase in triglycerides caused by sugar and other carbohydrates.
Therefore, not all elevated triglycerides require medical treatment, and mild excesses can usually be restored by changing lifestyles. If the value is too high, or there are serious complications, you must seek medical treatment in time, follow the doctor’s advice, and control your diet and improve your lifestyle.
(source:internet, reference only)