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Chlamydia infection: mainly through sexual transmission
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Chlamydia infection: mainly through sexual transmission. Chlamydia infection is a kind of sexually transmitted disease, usually spread through sexual intercourse without a condom or sharing sex toys with an infected person.
During sex, using condoms and braces can help you avoid chlamydia. Chlamydia usually has no symptoms, but if left untreated, it can cause long-term health problems.
Chlamydia can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, so it is important to test pregnant women for chlamydia.
What is chlamydia infection?
Chlamydia infection is a group of infectious diseases caused by various chlamydia infections.
It can cause uterine infection, premature delivery, abortion, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, bronchitis, gastroenteritis, encephalomyelitis, conjunctivitis and arthritis in animals and humans.
Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Chlamydia pneumoniae can cause human diseases.
Path of infection
Chlamydia is usually spread through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Chlamydia can be spread through genital contact. This means that even if you do not have substantial behavior, it is possible to get chlamydia from an infected person.
If you come into contact with infected semen or vaginal secretions, or if they get into your eyes, you may also be infected with chlamydia.
Chlamydia cannot be spread by kissing, hugging or using the same toilet.
How to prevent chlamydia infection?
Every time you have sex, you must use a new condom or dental protective cover, which is the best way to prevent chlamydia infection.
Chlamydia can be spread through shared toys. Wash and use condoms before use to reduce the risk of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections.
Even if there are no symptoms, it is important to check for chlamydia regularly, especially if you have multiple sexual partners.
What are the symptoms after infection?
Many people infected with chlamydia have no symptoms.
If symptoms do occur, they may not notice until a few weeks after the infection.
Symptoms of female chlamydia infection include:
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Pain or burning when urinating
- Painful intercourse and/or bleeding after intercourse
- Lower abdominal pain-especially during sex
Symptoms of male chlamydia infection include:
- White, cloudy or watery discharge from the penis
- Pain or burning when urinating
- Pain and/or swelling of the testicles.
Your anus, eyes, and throat may also be infected with chlamydia. Both men and women can cause pain in the anus, bleeding from the anus, or inflammation (redness) of the eyes (called conjunctivitis) after infection. Chlamydia in the throat usually has no symptoms.
How to detect chlamydia?
Even if you have no symptoms, you can still be tested for chlamydia.
It is easy to detect chlamydia and does not cause physical harm. Medical staff will ask for a urine sample and/or take a sample from an area that may be infected. Females are usually the lower end of the uterus (cervix) or vagina, and men are the tip of the penis (urethra). If you have had anal or oral sex, a sample may be taken from your anus or throat.
If your chlamydia test is positive, you need to tell your nearest sexual partner in time and advise them to get a chlamydia test.
When is the test required?
If you are not using condoms for sex, or if you are concerned about chlamydia infection or other sexually transmitted infections, please get tested as soon as possible.
However, if you are tested within two weeks after sex, you may need to have another test later, because the infection may not be detected in the early stages.
Long-term effects of untreated
If left untreated, chlamydia can cause other health problems, and sometimes serious health problems.
For women, untreated chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Pelvic inflammatory disease can cause pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy (extrauterine pregnancy), which can be life-threatening.
For men, untreated chlamydia can cause testicular swelling and pain, as well as pain during urination or sexual intercourse. Rarely causes male infertility.
Chlamydia can also cause reactive arthritis-joint inflammation, and some people can also cause inflammation of the urethra and eyes (conjunctivitis).
Chlamydia infection and HIV
If a chlamydia infection is diagnosed, HIV testing should also be performed. Chlamydia infection increases the risk of HIV infection because it causes inflammation and ulcers, making it easier for HIV to enter the body.
If you are already infected with HIV and are not receiving treatment, when unprotected sex occurs, chlamydia infection can make you more likely to spread HIV to others.
(source:internet, reference only)