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How to know if had osteoarthritis?
How to know if had osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis, also known as joint degeneration, is a common chronic joint disease.
Many elderly people have to endure various joint pains in their daily lives. Sometimes they can’t lift their feet when climbing stairs. Pain in the back or knee joints always occurs, which can only be relieved slowly after exercise. Sometimes the joints still make a click. The clicking sound, this series of symptoms are indicative of multiple osteoarthritis diseases in the elderly.
Osteoarthritis, also known as joint degeneration. Osteoarthritis is a common chronic joint disease. It is caused by age, obesity, trauma and other factors that promote the degradation, wear and tear of articular cartilage or secondary bone hyperplasia , This disease mostly occurs in the elderly, or people who are obese, manual workers, athletes, etc.
How to self-test for osteoarthritis?
1. Joint pain and tenderness
Joint pain, early intermittent pain around the knee joints, more exercise, more walking, pain when going up and down stairs or squatting, pain relieved when resting.
2. Stiff joints
When I get up in the morning, the joints are inconvenient to move, and the stiffness is relieved after the exercise. When I sit and get up for a long time, I feel that the joints become less flexible, and I need to move to become comfortable.
3. Swollen joints
When the patient develops arthritis, the surrounding joint synovium will appear congestion and edema. If the joint fluid is secreted too much, the joint will appear swelling.
4. The joints click
After the articular cartilage decays and falls off, the joints are not flat, and the uneven joints collide with each other, and the joints will click and be accompanied by pain.
5. Disorders of joint mobility
Joint problems, whether it is pain or swelling, will make the patient reluctant to move. The muscles around the joints will shrink due to inactivity, and joint weakness will follow.
If you have friends with the above symptoms, you need to be alert to the occurrence of osteoarthritis, you must go to a regular professional rheumatism hospital in time, seek medical guidance from a doctor, and do further detailed examinations.
Once osteoarthritis is diagnosed or other complications occur, you must take the initiative to receive treatment, adjust your life behavior, and comprehensively treat osteoarthritis.
1. Reasonable exercise is the first-line treatment
Regardless of the age of the patient and the severity of the disease, exercise therapy should be used as the first-line treatment for knee osteoarthritis. It can reduce pain, improve physical function, improve quality of life and walking ability, and reduce the risk of falls.
It is recommended to perform aerobic exercise three times a week, and the specific choice should be carried out under the guidance of a doctor according to the condition and physical condition.
2. Nutritional supplement is essential
Calcium is the basis for the synthesis of new bone. Glucosamine helps to repair damaged cartilage. Both of these substances are lost with age. In other words, supplementing calcium and amino sugar actually helps to slow down the aging of joints and reduce the occurrence of osteoarthropathy.
In the daily diet, milk, dairy products, fish and shrimp, beans, soy products, meat and eggs and other calcium-rich foods can be eaten frequently. However, if the digestion and absorption are not good, the daily calcium intake is obviously insufficient, you can consider taking calcium supplements.
In early stage patients, take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for analgesia and anti-inflammatory, and also can be treated with sodium hyaluronate injection into the joint cavity. In short, it is mainly analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and joint lubrication to delay the condition as much as possible. The specific medication needs to follow the doctor’s advice If it is an advanced stage patient, joint replacement surgery is usually required under the recommendation of a doctor.
(source:internet, reference only)