May 21, 2024

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Early Breakfast: A 59% Reduction in Diabetes Risk

Early Breakfast: A 59% Reduction in Diabetes Risk



Early Breakfast: A 59% Reduction in Diabetes Risk

Study with Over 100,000 Participants Shows Shifting Breakfast Time an Hour Earlier May Reduce Diabetes Risk by 59%.

Diabetes, a chronic condition, affects over 540 million people globally. With lifestyle and dietary changes, diabetes has emerged as the third leading factor affecting human health, following cardiovascular diseases and malignancies. In China, over 114 million adults are diabetic, constituting a quarter of the world’s diabetic population.

Food intake plays a critical role in regulating the circadian rhythm, thereby maintaining glucose stability. However, until now, no research had analyzed the association between meal timing and the incidence of Type 2 diabetes.

Recently, researchers from the University of Paris published a study titled “Associations of meal timing, number of eating occasions and night-time fasting duration with incidence of type 2 diabetes in the NutriNet-Santé cohort” in the *International Journal of Epidemiology*.

The research revealed that individuals who had breakfast after 9 a.m. faced a 59% increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes compared to those who had breakfast before 8 a.m. A later first meal correlated with a higher incidence of Type 2 diabetes.

 

Early Breakfast: A 59% Reduction in Diabetes Risk

 

 

The study analyzed 103,312 adult participants in the French NutriNet-Santé cohort, with an average age of 43 and 79% being female. Over a 7.3-year follow-up period, they collected dietary information and meal timings through a questionnaire to understand the relationship between eating frequency and time with the incidence of Type 2 diabetes.

During the average follow-up period of 7.3 years, the records noted 963 new cases of Type 2 diabetes.

Notably, the study found that having breakfast after 9 a.m. raised the risk of Type 2 diabetes by 59% compared to individuals who ate breakfast before 8 a.m.

 

Early Breakfast: A 59% Reduction in Diabetes Risk

 

 

Additionally, the research highlighted that a late dinner slightly increased the risk of Type 2 diabetes, while higher eating frequency decreased the risk. Eating more than five times a day was associated with a 20% reduction in the incidence of Type 2 diabetes compared to eating four or fewer times a day.

 

Early Breakfast: A 59% Reduction in Diabetes Risk

 

 

According to the researchers, it makes biological sense that skipping breakfast affects blood sugar, lipid control, and insulin levels. This is the first comprehensive prospective study to assess the relationship between meal timing, eating frequency, night-time fasting duration, and Type 2 diabetes.

In conclusion, this extensive prospective study suggests a higher incidence of Type 2 diabetes is associated with later breakfast consumption. Eating the first meal before 8 a.m. and the last meal before 7 p.m. might contribute to reducing the risk of Type 2 diabetes.

Link to the paper

 

Early Breakfast: A 59% Reduction in Diabetes Risk

(source:internet, reference only)


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