April 23, 2024

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Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria) With 30% Mortality Rate!: 941 Patients Last Year

Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria) With 30% Mortality Rate!: 941 Patients Last Year

Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria) With 30% Mortality Rate!: 941 Patients Last Year

Worst Pace Ever This Year “Felt Something Strange in the Morning…Lost Consciousness by Night” Prevention? Treatment? Expert Explanation.

– The “Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria),” which has a 30% mortality rate, saw a record high of 941 patients last year, and this year, the number has increased nearly threefold from 120 to 338 compared to the same period last year, the highest pace ever.

Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria) With 30% Mortality Rate!: 941 Patients Last Year

(Professor Yasutoshi Jodo, Osaka Public University Graduate School): The Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria) has been around for a while, particularly starting to increase gradually around the late 2000s. Among the bacteria that cause this disease, which originated in Europe, there are particularly bad ones that easily cause serious diseases, and these have been spreading from Europe and have been on the rise since the 2010s. It’s as if they skipped over the three years during the COVID-19 pandemic and have continued to spread, basically being in a state of continuous epidemic.

Can Streptococcus Infections in Children Worsen and Become Severe?

– The current increase in patients is due to “invasive group A streptococcal infections.” This mainly involves group A streptococci, but group B, C, and G streptococci can also be the cause. The same group A streptococci are responsible for “strep throat,” a common childhood illness. Among these streptococcal infections, there is a variant that inexplicably worsens and becomes severe, known as the “Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria).”

(Professor Jodo): Streptococcus not only causes children’s throat infections but also other diseases such as skin infections and kidney diseases. Among the group A streptococci, there are those with bad genes or unusual genes, and while they are not the sole cause, they tend to cause diseases that spread rapidly throughout the body in a short period.

– Can Streptococcus infections in children worsen and become severe?

(Professor Jodo): Generally, it is not the case that if the same bacterium infects, it will always lead to a severe form. There are various factors at play, and it is not solely determined by the bacteria. Children are relatively less likely to develop severe forms. It is mainly a disease of the elderly or those older in age, but the recent trend is that it is relatively increasing in those under 50.

Overactivation of the Body’s Immune System Due to “Super Antigens”

– Does this result in an infection?

Generally, yes, it leads to an infection. However, it is not the case that everyone will immediately develop a severe form upon bacterial infection; there are various factors, including human factors, at play. Streptococcus itself is a resident bacterium found on the skin of healthy individuals, so everyone carries it. The fact that it causes illness is due to several factors, so there are aspects that are not understood.

– According to the National Institute of Infectious Diseases, about 30% of patients die, indicating an extremely high mortality rate. It is said to be more common in the elderly, those with underlying diseases, and those with weakened immune systems, with children relatively less affected.

(Professor Jodo): This is because the bacteria produce something like a “toxin,” which excessively stimulates the human immune system. Technically, it’s called a “super antigen,” and it causes the body’s immune system to be excessively activated, attacking itself. Children, whose immune systems are not yet fully developed, are relatively less affected.

“If You Feel Something Strange in the Morning, You Could Lose Consciousness by Night”

– The initial symptoms include pain and swelling in the hands and feet, fever, and so on. From here, the disease progresses rapidly and dramatically. Within several tens of hours of onset, tissue necrosis occurs, including around the bones and muscles. Acute kidney failure and multiple organ failure can occur, leading to shock and death.

(Professor Jodo): The characteristic is that it progresses by the hour. For example, if you feel something is wrong in the morning, you could lose consciousness by night at a speed like that.

– If you notice that swelling is rapidly worsening in a short period, please go to the hospital immediately. (From the March 8, 2024 broadcast of MBS TV’s “Yon-chan TV”)

What is Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria)?

Necrotizing fasciitis, also known as flesh-eating disease, is a rare but serious bacterial infection that spreads rapidly through the body’s soft tissue. It can cause death if not treated promptly.

The bacteria that cause necrotizing fasciitis can enter the body through a break in the skin, such as a cut, scrape, burn, or surgical incision. Once the bacteria enter the body, they can quickly spread through the fascia, the layer of tissue that connects muscles, nerves, blood vessels, and other structures in the body.

The symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis can develop suddenly and include:

  • Severe pain, often out of proportion to the visible signs of infection
  • Redness, swelling, and warmth of the affected skin
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Skin that feels hard, numb, or discolored

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to preventing serious complications, including amputation and even death.

Here are some images of Necrotizing Fasciitis:

Treatment for necrotizing fasciitis typically involves surgery to remove the infected tissue. Antibiotics are also used to kill the bacteria. In some cases, skin grafts or other procedures may be needed to repair the damage caused by the infection.

Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria) With 30% Mortality Rate!: 941 Patients Last Year

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