September 25, 2022

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Breast cancer screening for early detection of breast cancer

Breast cancer screening for early detection of breast cancer

Breast cancer screening for early detection of breast cancer. Breast cancer has become the world’s largest cancer in 2020, and these tests are a “talisman” for women!

For women, the gynecological examination is an indispensable “talisman”.

Common diseases such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, and uterine fibroids can be detected and treated early through physical examination. You can choose the following gynecological examination items according to your own situation:

 

Breast examination

These include routine physical examinations or magnetic resonance imaging, aimed at preventing breast cancer, the number one killer of female diseases. Breast cancer screening is recommended to start at the age of 40. Patients with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer need to undergo breast cancer screening in advance.

Breast cancer screening usually uses mammography or breast magnetic resonance examination. For women aged 40-49, mammography should be performed once a year; women aged 50-69 should be examined once every 1-2 years. It is recommended Combined with clinical physical examination, combined with B-ultrasound is recommended for dense breasts.

The following special populations need to be screened earlier and in more ways:

❖ For those with a family history of genetic diseases, if their first-degree or second-degree relatives have breast cancer, their risk of developing the disease will be significantly higher;

❖ Patients with dysplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ of the breast are high-risk groups;

❖ Patients who have undergone radiotherapy on the breast, such as lung cancer patients who have received chest radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

These types of people are recommended to start regular screening at the age of 30-35, and to shorten the screening interval, do a mammogram check once a year, do a B-ultrasound check every 6-12 months, and do an MRI every year if necessary.


Gynecological examination

These include routine gynecological examinations, routine leucorrhea examinations, gynecological B-ultrasound, and cervical cancer screening. Routine gynecological examinations do not necessarily require regular annual examinations. These examinations come in handy when you feel unwell, but cervical cancer screening Regular (3~5 years) screenings for women aged 21+ can better prevent the occurrence of cervical cancer.

 

News about Breat Cancer

According to the United Nations website, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a subsidiary of the World Health Organization, released the latest data. It is estimated that in 2020 there will be 19.3 million new cancer cases and 9.96 million deaths worldwide. Female breast cancer surpasses lung cancer and becomes the diagnosis. The largest number of cancers.

 

According to the United Nations website, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a subsidiary of the World Health Organization, released the latest data. It is estimated that in 2020 there will be 19.3 million new cancer cases and 9.96 million deaths worldwide. Female breast cancer surpasses lung cancer and becomes the diagnosis. The largest number of cancers.

According to reports, the data involved a total of 185 countries and 36 different cancer types in the world. According to the cancer research institute based in Lyon, France, at present, 1 in 5 people in the world will suffer from cancer in their lifetime, and 1 in 8 men and 11 women will die of cancer and be diagnosed 50.6 million people are still alive within 5 years of contracting cancer.

 

The number of new cancers in China ranks first in the world

In 2020, there were 19.29 million new cancer cases worldwide. Among them, 4.57 million new cancers occurred in China, accounting for 23.7% of the world. Since China is the world’s most populous country, the number of new cancers far exceeds other countries in the world.

The top ten new cancer cases in China in 2020 are: 820,000 lung cancer, 560,000 colorectal cancer, 480,000 gastric cancer, 420,000 breast cancer, 410,000 liver cancer, 320,000 esophageal cancer, 220,000 thyroid cancer, and pancreatic cancer. 120,000, prostate cancer 120,000, cervical cancer 110,000, these ten types of cancer account for 78% of the number of new cancers.

 

Breast cancer screening for early detection of breast cancer  

Picture from IARC/Number of new cancer cases in various countries in 2020

Breast cancer screening for early detection of breast cancer

Picture from IARC/Number of new cancer cases in various countries in 2020

 

China’s cancer deaths rank first in the world

In 2020, there were 9.96 million cancer deaths worldwide, of which 3 million were cancer deaths in China, accounting for 30% of the total cancer deaths. This was mainly due to the large number of cancer patients in China, and the number of cancer deaths ranked first in the world. The top ten countries with cancer deaths in 2020 are: China 3 million, India 850,000, the United States 610,000, Japan 420,000, Russia 310,000, Brazil 260,000, Germany 250,000, Indonesia 230,000, France 190,000, and the United Kingdom18 Million. The top ten cancer deaths in China in 2020 are: 710,000 lung cancer, 390,000 liver cancer, 370,000 gastric cancer, 300,000 esophageal cancer, 290,000 colorectal cancer, 120,000 pancreatic cancer, 120,000 breast cancer, and nervous system cancer7 10,000, 60,000 for leukemia, 60,000 for cervical cancer, these ten types of cancer account for 83% of all cancer deaths.

 

Breast cancer screening for early detection of breast cancer

Global cancer deaths in 2020, source: WHO

 

The incidence of breast cancer is the highest in the world

Before, lung cancer has always been the cancer with the highest incidence in the world. The latest data in 2020 show that the number of new breast cancers reached 2.26 million, and that of lung cancer was 2.2 million. Breast cancer officially replaced lung cancer and became the world’s largest cancer. The top ten cancers with global incidence rates are: 2.26 million breast cancer, 2.2 million lung cancer, 1.93 million colorectal cancer, 1.41 million prostate cancer, 1.09 million gastric cancer, 910,000 liver cancer, 600,000 cervical cancer, 600,000 esophageal cancer, and thyroid cancer 590,000 and 570,000 for bladder cancer, these ten types of cancer account for 63% of the total number of new cancers.

Therefore, for women, special attention should be paid to gynecological physical examination. Medical experts also recommend that women start breast screening at the age of 40. Early screening may be more necessary in many cases. In developed countries such as Europe and the United States, the incidence of breast cancer is mostly after menopause. In China, the peak incidence of breast cancer is at the age of 45 to 54 in women. The incidence of breast cancer before menopause accounts for more than 60% of all patients. There is a tendency to get younger, and breast cancer cases occur from time to time at the age of 20 or 30.

 

(source:internet, reference only)


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