- FDA Approves Expanded Injectable Treatment Formula for Smallpox-Monkeypox
- UK and Netherlands follow Belgium to implement “monkeypox quarantine”
- European EMA removes about 100 generic drugs
- EU approves AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine as booster shot
- First injection of cancer-killing oncolytic virus into human patient
- First monkeypox quarantine order: Belgium requires to self-isolate for 21 days
Why men also get HPV and how to prevent it?
Why men also get HPV and how to prevent it?. Can men be infected with HPV virus?
Although cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women in the world, compared with other cancers, it is currently the only cancer with a clear cause, targeted prevention measures, and obvious effects.
Only persistent human papillomavirus infection can get cancer, and why men also get HPV?
Worldwide, there are more than two hundred subtypes of human papillomavirus (HPV), and only dozens of them pose a threat to human health. At present, among all the population, the HPVs most related to the occurrence of cervical cancer are the 16 and 18 subtypes. In addition, there are more than ten HPV subtypes closely related to the occurrence of cervical cancer.
There are many ways of transmission of HPV. One is sexual transmission; the other is mother-to-child transmission; and the third is close contact in daily life. Although, in the lifetime of an average woman, the chance of contracting HPV is more than 20%, but there has always been a misunderstanding in the popular belief-it is not that cervical cancer will be caused by HPV infection.
In most cases, the human body can eliminate the infected HPV virus through its own immunity, and only continuous HPV infection can induce cervical cancer. It should be noted that HPV is not only infected in women, but also in men. After infection, men may induce penile cancer and anal cancer.
Cervical cancer vaccine as far as possible before the start of sexual life
The difference between two, four and nine-valent vaccines is mainly due to the different types of HPV subtypes to be protected. The bivalent vaccine mainly targets HPV16 and HPV18, the quadrivalent vaccine mainly targets HPV6, HPV11, HPV16, HPV18, and the nine-valent vaccine mainly targets HPV6, HPV11, HPV16, HPV18, HPV31, and HPV33. , HPV45 type, HPV52 type, HPV58 type. At present, domestically produced HPV vaccines have only two and four valences.
70% to 80% of cervical cancers are related to HPV16 and HPV18 infections. Therefore, as long as the bivalent vaccine is injected, 70% to 80% of cervical cancers can be prevented. For adult women, the injection of bivalent vaccine can already meet the protection needs of cervical cancer.
For women over 9 years of age who do not have sex, there is no potential HPV infection, and the cost of vaccination is more cost-effective. Therefore, it is recommended to inject the vaccine before starting sexual life. However, for ordinary women in other situations, it is not that they cannot benefit from the vaccine. Therefore, for teenagers and women of childbearing age who are not allergic to the vaccine, it is recommended to get the vaccine as much as possible to prevent cervical cancer.
Internationally, it is recommended that a 9-year-old girl can be injected with cervical cancer vaccine. However, there are many obstacles in the country. The reasons may be that the information received by parents is not sufficient and scientific; second, the current Cervical cancer vaccines need to be injected at their own expense; third, there are problems with vaccine accessibility. After all, cervical cancer vaccine is a new thing, and we still need to strengthen publicity to make vaccination more popular.
It is worth noting that men can also be vaccinated against cervical cancer to prevent HPV infection and benefit the other half.
Early diagnosis and treatment can block the development of cervical cancer
In addition to vaccination, early diagnosis, early detection, early prevention, and early treatment are necessary to eliminate cervical cancer. Female friends participate in the “two cancer screening” for cervical cancer and breast cancer. The two cancer screening covers gynecology. Therefore, regular and targeted inspections and treatment at the early stage can block the occurrence of the two cancers. At the same time, we also need to clarify the possible symptoms of cervical cancer, so that we can go to the hospital for early treatment when we find discomfort.
Early symptoms of cervical cancer are not obvious
The symptoms of cervical cancer are not obvious in the early stage. The main manifestations are increased secretions, abnormal color and contact bleeding. Only in the middle and late stages will huge masses appear. As early symptoms are not obvious and atypical, patients may ignore the symptoms that occur. Therefore, early screening is very important.
Treatment of cervical cancer:
In the past hundred years, the methods of cervical cancer have not changed much, mainly including surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunity, and targeted therapy. For patients with cervical cancer, surgery is only suitable for patients with very early stage or precancerous lesions, while patients with advanced stage are mainly treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
For relapsed patients, in addition to chemotherapy, rapid development of immunotherapy and targeted therapy will be adopted. However, the treatment of immune checkpoint inhibitors in immunotherapy in the treatment of recurrent cervical cancer is still in the advanced stage of exploration.
For patients in the middle and late stages, do not give up treatment. 20% to 30% of the middle and late stages can still survive for a long time. Individuals who deal with the middle and late stages have survived for more than ten years. Therefore, even in the middle and late stages. Actively cooperate with treatment.
What are the anti-cancer advices for female friends?
The advice mainly includes three points:
- First, actively carry out anti-cancer screening;
- The second is to inject HPV vaccine when possible;
- Third, in the event of symptoms, seek medical advice promptly.
Only by achieving early screening, early diagnosis, and early blocking can the complete elimination of cervical cancer be achieved, which requires the joint efforts of the whole society.
(source:internet, reference only)