October 4, 2022

Medical Trend

Medical News and Medical Resources

Mediterranean diet is better at preventing cardiovascular disease recurrence and death

Mediterranean diet is better at preventing cardiovascular disease recurrence and death



 

 

The Lancet: Mediterranean diet is better at preventing cardiovascular disease recurrence and death.


The Mediterranean Diet is a healthy, light and nutritious eating pattern that emphasizes eating more vegetables, fruits, fish, seafood, beans, nuts, followed by cereals, and using vegetable oils when cooking (containing unsaturated fatty acids) instead of animal oils (containing saturated fatty acids) , especially olive oil.

 

The Mediterranean diet and low-fat diet, which have been shown to be effective in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (prevention of disease in people without cardiovascular disease) , are not effective in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (lower cardiovascular risk of disease recurrence and associated mortality) ?

 

On May 4, 2022, researchers from the University of Córdoba and Reina Sofia University Hospital in Spain published a paper entitled: Long-term secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet in the top international medical journal “The Lancet “. and a low-fat diet (CORDIOPREV): a research paper for a randomised controlled trial.

 

Mediterranean diet is better at preventing cardiovascular disease recurrence and death

 

 

The study included 1,002 patients with confirmed coronary heart disease, 20-75 years old, with an average age of 59.5 years, including 827 males and 175 females.

 

They were randomly assigned 1:1 to the Mediterranean diet group (502 people) and the low-fat diet group (500 people) and then followed up for 7 years.

It should be noted that their diets were matched by an independent team of nutritionists, and that the entire clinical study team (including physicians, investigators, and clinical endpoint committee members) and the participants themselves did not know which dietary pattern they were following.

 

The primary endpoint of the clinical trial was the occurrence of major cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and cardiovascular-related death.

 

The results of the clinical trial showed that a total of 198 participants had major cardiovascular events, including 87 in the Mediterranean diet group and 111 in the low-fat diet group.

The Mediterranean diet was more helpful for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Compared with the low-fat diet, The Mediterranean diet was able to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease recurrence and death by about a quarter.

 

In addition, the effect was more pronounced in men, with 67 of 414 male participants in the Mediterranean diet group experiencing major cardiovascular events, compared with 94 out of 413 male participants in the low-fat diet group.

Cardiovascular events, compared with a low-fat diet, the Mediterranean diet was able to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease recurrence and death in men by about one-third. In women, there were no significant differences between the two dietary patterns.

 

This long-term randomized clinical trial demonstrated that a Mediterranean diet was superior to a low-fat diet in preventing major cardiovascular events in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, supporting the use of a Mediterranean diet in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

 

 

 

 

Reference :
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(22)00122-2

Mediterranean diet is better at preventing cardiovascular disease recurrence and death

(source:internet, reference only)


Disclaimer of medicaltrend.org