June 26, 2022

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First monkeypox quarantine order: Belgium requires to self-isolate for 21 days

First monkeypox quarantine order: Belgium requires monkeypox cases to self-isolate for 21 days



 

The first monkeypox quarantine order: Belgium requires monkeypox cases to self-isolate for 21 days.


According to data from the World Health Organization, as of the 21st, 12 non-monkeypox-endemic countries, including the United Kingdom, Spain, the United States, and Belgium, have reported 92 confirmed cases and 28 suspected cases of monkeypox, and global monkeypox cases may further increase.

 

The first monkeypox quarantine order: Belgium requires monkeypox cases to self-isolate for 21 days.

 A microscope image of monkeypox virus. 

 

According to Belgian “Evening News”, after multiple cases of monkeypox were found, the Belgian health department issued a statement on May 19, requiring monkeypox cases to self-isolate for 21 days. The country has thus become the first in the world to require monkeypox cases to self-isolate.

 

People who have been exposed to monkeypox cases do not need to self-isolate, but should remain vigilant, especially when coming into contact with vulnerable groups, the report said.

 

According to data from the World Health Organization, as of the 21st, 12 non-monkeypox-endemic countries, including the United Kingdom, Spain, the United States, and Belgium, have reported 92 confirmed cases and 28 suspected cases of monkeypox, and global monkeypox cases may further increase.

 

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1 suspected case of monkeypox in New York

According to CCTV news, a statement from the Public Health Laboratory of the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene on the 20th local time pointed out that after two suspected patients were tested for monkeypox virus, one of them was negative and the other was positive.

A final diagnosis will have to wait for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to complete testing. The positive patient is currently in isolation and could become the second known native case of monkeypox in the United States in 2022.

 

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention urged Americans not to panic and is also investigating at least six other suspected cases of monkeypox.

The six people all took the same flight with a confirmed monkeypox patient earlier this month, but they are all asymptomatic and in good physical condition, so the possibility of diagnosis is low.

 

 

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UK experts warn of significant rise in monkeypox cases in UK as virus spreads among ordinary people

British experts have warned that the UK will face a “significant rise” in monkeypox cases next week as new cases of monkeypox continue to be reported in Europe and the United States, according to Sky News.

 

Claire Dawsnapp, president of the British Society for Sexual Health and AIDS, said in an interview: “What worries me the most is that there are monkeypox infections in many parts of Europe, which means the epidemic has spread. The monkeypox virus is already in the general population. It’s a tough job to get the contact details of these people. The number of confirmed cases is likely to be high in the next two to three weeks.”

 

Dawsnapp also added that more cases of monkeypox are expected in the UK. “I’m sure the number of cases will rise sharply next week,” she said in an interview on the 22nd.

 

According to data from the World Health Organization, as of the 21st, 12 non-monkeypox-endemic countries, including the United Kingdom, Spain, the United States, and Belgium, have reported 92 confirmed cases of monkeypox and 28 suspected cases. 

 

 

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Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Established a monkeypox virus inspection system

According to the website of South Korea’s “Central Daily” , the Korean Agency for Disease Control said on the 22nd that no monkeypox virus infection has been found in South Korea, but an inspection system for the virus has been established.

 

The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that 35 million copies of the smallpox vaccine have been reserved, but it still needs to study the opinions of experts before deciding whether to use it for the public. “The infectious disease management level of monkeypox will be determined according to future changes in the situation.”

 

 

 

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WHO predicts more monkeypox cases globally

According to Xinhua News Agency, as of the 21st, 12 non-monkeypox-endemic countries have reported 92 confirmed and 28 suspected cases of monkeypox.

WHO predicts that global monkeypox cases may increase further.

 

Monkeypox is primarily endemic in West and Central Africa, with the first outbreak outside the African continent in the United States in 2003.

Since 2018, Israel, the United Kingdom, Singapore and other countries have found monkeypox virus infections among travelers from Nigeria.

 

“The available information indicates that human-to-human transmission is occurring among people who have had close physical contact with a symptomatic case,” WHO noted.

 

The World Health Organization believes that the recent monkeypox cases in many European countries are “atypical”.

Only a very small number of cases have travel history to monkeypox-risk areas, and many infected people have been diagnosed by STD clinics.

WHO official David Heyman told Reuters that the monkeypox virus now “appears to be spreading sexually, which is expanding its global contagion.”

 

Hyman said an international committee of experts has held video conferences to discuss how to respond to monkeypox outbreaks, including whether there are asymptomatic infections, which groups of people are at high risk of infection and the different routes of transmission of the monkeypox virus.

 

In general, human-to-human transmission of monkeypox virus is uncommon.

The human-to-human transmission route includes close contact with the respiratory secretions, skin lesions or contaminated items of infected persons, and it usually takes longer face-to-face to transmit respiratory droplets.

In addition, mother-to-child transmission of monkeypox virus may occur through the placenta or through close contact during labor.

 

According to Hyman, the idea that monkeypox has spread in non-endemic countries “makes biological sense”, but due to the lockdowns, social distancing, travel restrictions and other measures taken in the COVID-19 epidemic, monkeypox epidemics have not been large. scale outbreak.

 

The initial symptoms of monkeypox infection in humans include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, and swollen lymph nodes, which can later develop into a widespread rash on the face and body. Most infected people recover within a few weeks, but others become seriously ill and even die.

WHO data shows that the smallpox vaccine is 85% effective against monkeypox virus.

 

“We have a vaccine that works, but the most important message is that you can protect yourself,” Heyman said.

 

 

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Experts: There is no need to panic in response to monkeypox, and measures can be taken to stop the spread

According to Xinhua News Agency, the health department of New South Wales, Australia, confirmed the first case of monkeypox in Australia on the 20th.

A number of Australian experts said that although the spread of monkeypox needs to be closely monitored, there is no need to panic. Unlike SARS-CoV-2, more understanding of poxviruses such as monkeypox and smallpox allows quick measures to be taken to interrupt transmission.

 

 

 


What is monkeypox?

Suresh Mahalingam, a professor at Griffith University in Australia, said monkeypox is a self-limiting disease and most people recover within two to three weeks after they develop symptoms.

However, monkeypox infection poses a greater risk to pregnant women because infection in pregnant women may affect fetal development.

 

According to Sanjaya Senanayake, an epidemiologist at the Australian National University, the monkeypox virus in the cases found in Europe is relatively mild.

After an incubation period of seven to 17 days, monkeypox patients develop flu-like symptoms, followed by a high fever for a few days and a rash.

The rash is widespread and can last up to about 4 weeks. Patients may also develop symptoms such as pneumonia and diarrhea, but the mortality rate is very low.

 

 


Is monkeypox dangerous?

Fasli Coulibaly, an associate professor in the Department of Molecular Biology at Monash University in Australia, said authorities needed to monitor the spread of monkeypox closely, but there was no need to panic.

On the one hand, such viruses are not as transmissible as respiratory viruses such as the new coronavirus and influenza virus.

Humans, on the other hand, are no strangers to monkeypox viruses.

It has been known to infect humans since the 1970s, and people know how to fight closely related viruses, such as smallpox.

 

Coulibaly believes that although poxviruses are good at breaking through the host’s defense system, they are like “elephant in the virus world” whose structure and ability to replicate make it easier to “target”.

Decades of basic human research The vulnerability of this virus has been found and it is fully prepared for possible threats.

Humans have developed drugs and a new generation of vaccines against the smallpox virus, which also provide options for dealing with monkeypox.

 

 


Actions can be taken

David Chalk, a professor at the Australian National University, believes this time is a little unusual because most monkeypox cases are not linked, meaning vigilance is needed around the world.

But unlike Covid-19, more knowledge about poxviruses allows quick steps to be taken to interrupt transmission.

Monkeypox virus belongs to a broader virus family that also includes smallpox virus. Smallpox vaccine can be used to prevent monkeypox.

Studies have shown that smallpox vaccination is still effective after exposure to monkeypox virus.

 

Senanayake noted that the smallpox vaccine could provide cross-protection, but it’s uncertain how immune people who received the smallpox vaccine decades ago would still be against monkeypox. Some antiviral drugs are available to treat monkeypox.

 

 

 

 

First monkeypox quarantine order: Belgium requires monkeypox cases to self-isolate for 21 days

(source:internet, reference only)


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