June 18, 2024

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Study finds higher-than-average blood sugar increases heart attack risk

Study finds higher-than-average blood sugar increases heart attack risk


Study finds higher-than-average blood sugar increases heart attack risk

The study found that among adults aged 18 to 44, those with prediabetes were more likely to be hospitalized for a heart attack than those without prediabetes.

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is drastically reduced or blocked.

This blockage of the heart’s arteries is generally caused by the buildup of fat, cholesterol, and other substances.


Study finds higher-than-average blood sugar increases heart attack risk




The most common cause of heart attack is coronary artery disease.

Intense spasms, or sudden contractions of the coronary arteries that can cut off the blood supply to the heart muscle, are a less common cause.


Risk factors for heart attack include high blood pressure, high cholesterol and smoking.

Recent research has also found that high blood sugar may also increase people’s chances of developing heart disease.


Young adults with higher-than-normal blood sugar levels (indicating prediabetes) are more likely than their peers with normal blood sugar levels to have a heart attack, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s 2022 Scientific Session on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research And hospitalization.

The academic exchange, held May 13-14, 2022, in Reston, Virginia, includes the latest research on the quality of cardiovascular care and patient outcomes for the treatment and prevention of heart disease and stroke.


Prediabetes means a person’s blood sugar levels are higher than usual, with fasting blood sugar levels between 100 and 125 mg/dL, but not high enough to warrant a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of prediabetes are widespread, and the condition increases the chance of developing type 2 diabetes.

According to the National Institutes of Health, more than 88 million people in the U.S. age 18 and older have prediabetes, accounting for more than one-third of adults nationwide, and prediabetes affects about 29 million people ages 18 to 44.


“Prediabetes can have serious health consequences if left untreated and can develop into type 2 diabetes, which is known to increase a person’s risk of developing Risk of cardiovascular disease. As heart attacks increasingly occur in young adults, our research focuses on identifying risk factors associated with this young population so that future scientific guidelines and health policy can better inform Addressing cardiovascular disease risk associated with prediabetes.”


The researchers reviewed patient health records from the National Inpatient Sample, the largest publicly available inpatient database in the U.S., specifically, heart attack-related hospitalization records among young adults ages 18 to 44 in 2018 .


The analysis found:

Of the more than 7.8 million young adults hospitalized in 2018, more than 31,000, or 0.4 percent, had blood sugar levels associated with prediabetes.

Among those with prediabetes, the rate of heart attack was 2.15 percent, compared with 0.3 percent of young adults with normal blood sugar levels.

Adults with prediabetes were more likely to have high cholesterol (68.1% and 47.3%, respectively) and obesity (48.9% and 25.7%, respectively) than their peers without prediabetes.

Adults with prediabetes hospitalized for a heart attack were more likely to be men of black, Hispanic or Asian/Pacific Islander race or ethnicity.

Adults with prediabetes who were hospitalized for a heart attack were more likely to have higher household incomes, be hospitalized in urban teaching hospitals, or be hospitalized in the U.S. Midwest and West than heart patients without prediabetes.

After accounting for a variety of influencing and modifying factors, the researchers found that young adults with prediabetes were 1.7 times more likely to be hospitalized for a heart attack than their peers without prediabetes. Despite higher odds of heart attack, younger adults with prediabetes did not have higher rates of other major adverse cardiovascular events, such as cardiac arrest or stroke.

While prediabetes is a precursor to type 2 diabetes and other serious health complications, it can be reversed. Many of the steps you take to prevent prediabetes are the same steps you take to prevent heart disease.


“When blood sugar levels reach prediabetes levels, that’s a wake-up call for action.” Sanchez, MD, MPH, FAHA, FAAFP, said: “For people with prediabetes, knowing that lifestyle changes are key to improving their blood sugar levels and overall health, and potentially reversing prediabetes and preventing type 2 diabetes. Eat a healthy diet. , being physically active, and losing weight if needed are all meaningful ways to reverse a prediabetes diagnosis. It is also very important for smokers to participate in a smoking cessation program. Other lifestyle and behavioral changes, such as stress reduction, may seem Small, but they can make a big difference in many different areas of life, and they can make a difference.”


In-depth research on heart attacks in young adults with prediabetes now appears to be rather lacking, and more work needs to be done.

Given that nearly 1 in 3 adults in the U.S. has prediabetes, researchers should be considered the basis for future studies to definitively determine the burden of heart disease in young adults with prediabetes.

Awareness of the importance of routine health checks, including prediabetes screening, must be raised among young adults, and measures must be taken to prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes and related cardiovascular events, such as heart attack.




Study finds higher-than-average blood sugar increases heart attack risk

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