Prevention of venous thrombosis
Prevention of venous thrombosis
Prevention of venous thrombosis. Speaking of thrombosis, everyone may be a little unfamiliar, but when you mention strokes, myocardial infarctions and other diseases that are not only life-threatening, but also crippling, you may suddenly realize! The so-called thrombus is the blood flowing in our body, clotting into a blood clot for various reasons; don’t underestimate this small blood clot, it can not be ignored!
How does venous thrombosis form?
Thrombosis can occur in blood vessels in any part of the body, and the incidence of venous thrombosis is much higher than that of arterial thrombosis. This is because blood flows in blood vessels, just like water flows in a river. However, due to the structure of arteries and veins, dynamics, etc., the speed of blood flowing inside is different, and blood flow in veins is relatively slow.
The newly formed thrombus is more brittle, like soft tofu, easy to fall off. The thrombus that falls off flows with the waves like a small boat. When it encounters a smaller blood vessel, it gets stuck there and blocks the blood vessel, which will affect the function of the corresponding blood vessel supplying organs, especially in the heart, lung, brain and other parts. , The consequences are crippling from the slightest to fatal!
How to prevent deep vein thrombosis in lower extremities
The consequences of thrombosis are serious, but don’t be too nervous. It is preventable and controllable. The following should be done:
Awareness of preventing venous thrombosis
Don’t eat too greasy, eat more low-fat and high-fiber foods, such as cereals, potatoes, sweet potatoes, beans, vegetables and fruits, etc. to maintain smooth stools, drink plenty of water to thin the blood, and quit smoking.
In addition, don’t sit still for a long time. Sit for about 1 hour to get up and move around. You can do squat movements or ankle flexion and extension movements (first toes down, arched back for 5-10 seconds, and then The toes are bent towards the back of the instep for 5-10 seconds). This action is like a pump of pressure. The blood is squeezed back when contracted, and fresh blood is replenished when relaxed, which effectively promotes blood circulation in the lower limbs.
Patients with long-term bed rest and low postoperative activities
You can turn over on the bed and massage your legs to promote blood flow. If possible, you can wear elastic stockings and do air pressure therapy to promote blood return to the veins of the lower limbs.
Patients with hypercoagulable blood can use anticoagulant drugs preventively under the guidance of a doctor.
For people at high risk for thrombosis at home, it is also essential to have an ultrasound examination of the blood vessels every year.
How to treat?
Of course, don’t be afraid if you have venous thrombosis in the lower extremities. As long as you actively cooperate with the treatment of medical staff, the thrombosis can be dissolved, but you must pay attention to:
- Early bed rest reduces activity, raises thrombotic legs and prohibits massage;
- When applying anticoagulants, do not pick up your nose and ear canals with hard-pointed objects to avoid bleeding;
- Do not cough hard to avoid hemoptysis;
- Use a soft toothbrush to brush your teeth, with gentle movements, pay attention to observe whether there are bleeding gums, nasal cavity bleeding, skin and mucous membrane bleeding, and melena.
We hope that through our popularization of science, everyone can understand venous thrombosis and stay away from the threat to our lives and health-venous thrombosis!
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