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Gut: Sugary drinks may increase the risk of colorectal cancer in women under 50
Gut: Sugary drinks may increase the risk of colorectal cancer in women under 50. In recent years, the number of people under the age of 50 being diagnosed with colorectal cancer has increased, and researchers have begun to explore the reasons.
Recently, an article was published in the international journal Gut entitled “Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in adulthood and Adolescence and risk of early-onset colorectal cancer among women” research report, scientists from Harvard University’s Chen Zengxi School of Public Health and other institutions found that the intake of sugary beverages and women under the age of 50 have an increased risk of colorectal cancer. Directly related.
Relevant research results show that a large amount of sugary drinks during adolescence (between 13-18 years old) and adulthood may increase the risk of colorectal cancer. In addition, the research in this article also encourages people to reduce sugars. Intake to improve the health of the body provides more support.
Researcher Yin Cao said that the incidence of colorectal cancer in young people is still relatively rare, but in the past 30 years, the incidence of this disease has been rising, but we do not understand the reasons. This disease is also cancer. The focus of prevention: As the number of colorectal cancer patients in the young population continues to increase, the average age at which colorectal cancer is diagnosed in the population has dropped from 72 to 66 years. These cancers are often diagnosed at an advanced stage, and they are more closely related to the elderly. Compared with cancer patients, they also have different characteristics. Researchers have previously found that poor diet quality is directly related to an increased risk of early-onset colorectal cancer, but they have not analyzed specific nutrients or foods.
Researchers say that compared with women who consume less than one 8-ounce sugar-sweetened beverage a week, women who consume two or more sugar-sweetened beverages a day have a two-fold increase in the risk of early-onset colorectal cancer. This means that these people will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer before the age of 50; and the daily intake of 8 ounces of sugar-sweetened beverages will increase the risk of colorectal cancer by 16%, and from 13 to 18 years old, This is an important period for the growth and development of the body. A daily intake of sugary drinks will increase the risk of colorectal cancer by 32% before the age of 50. The intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is related to metabolic health problems, such as type 2 diabetes and obesity. However, researchers do not know whether the intake of high-sugar beverages plays an important role in increasing the incidence of colorectal cancer among young people. Like the incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer, the consumption of these beverages has been increasing in the past 20 years, and the consumption level is the highest among adolescents and young adults aged 20-34.
The researchers analyzed the data in Nursing Health Research Project II (a large-scale population research project that tracks the health of nearly 116,500 female nurses from 1991 to 2015). Every four years, participants will answer the corresponding survey. These included diet-related issues and the types and levels of beverages the participants consumed. Among all participants, more than 41,000 people were asked to recall their beverage intake habits during adolescence. The researchers then identified 109 cases of early-onset colorectal cancer among nearly 116,500 participants.
Association between the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in adulthood and the risk of early-onset colorectal cancer.
Image source: Jinhee Hur, et al. Gut. May 6, 2021. DOI:10.1136/gutjnl-2020-323450
The researchers said that despite the small number of cases, there are still strong signals that sugar intake (especially in the early years) will increase the risk of colorectal cancer before the age of 50; combined with the researchers’ previous research Working, they linked obesity and metabolic diseases with high-risk early-onset colorectal cancer, which also revealed that metabolic problems such as insulin resistance may play an important role in the development of cancer in young people. Taking into account the rising incidence of cancer, the American Cancer Society recently lowered the recommended age for the first colonoscopy to 45 years old, compared to 50 years old before. According to the guidelines, those with additional risk factors should be screened for cancer earlier. Check, such as people with a family history of colorectal cancer.
Since this study only included female nurses, and most of the population was white, the researchers need further research to analyze whether there is a certain association between the intake of sugary beverages by people of other races, ethnicities, and genders and colorectal cancer. . Researchers suggest that people should avoid sugary drinks, and it is best to choose drinks such as milk and coffee that do not contain sweeteners.
In summary, large amounts of sugary drinks in adolescents and adults may be directly related to the increased risk of early-onset colorectal cancer in women under 50. Although the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is directly related to the occurrence of early-onset colorectal cancer, other beverages, including milk and coffee, may be related to their risk reduction; this observational study does not prove that the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages triggers certain Various types of cancer or the intake of milk or coffee have a protective effect, but using unsweetened beverages (such as milk and coffee) to replace sugar-sweetened beverages may be a better choice to promote the body’s health.
(source:internet, reference only)