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Breast cancer: Sugar-sweetened sodas caused All-cause mortality 62% higher
Breast cancer: Sugar-sweetened sodas caused All-cause mortality 62% higher. All-cause mortality increased by 62%! This study on sugar-sweetened sodas and breast cancer patients tells you that it’s time to say nothing about sugar-sweetened beverages!
Soda is a popular beverage and is widely consumed all over the world. In order to enrich the taste of soda, food manufacturers have developed various soda drinks. There is no shortage of sugary drinks. We know that the added sugars in food can have negative effects on health, such as increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity and diabetes.
So, what is the effect of drinking sugary soda on breast cancer patients? Recently, a new study from the University of Buffalo in the United States shows that regular consumption of sugary soda for breast cancer patients increases the risk of death, especially the risk of death from breast cancer. Compared with women who never or rarely drank sugar-sweetened soda, women who drank sugar-sweetened soda five or more times a week had a 62% higher all-cause mortality rate and were 85 percent more likely to die from breast cancer. %. The relevant research results were published in the Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention journal of the American Association for Cancer Research on March 2 with the title Sugar-Sweetened Soda Consumption and Total and Breast Cancer Mortality: The Western New York Exposures and Breast Cancer (WEB) Study.
The study’s lead author, Nadia Koyratty, a doctoral student in the Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Hygiene at the University of Buffalo’s School of Public Health and Health Professions, said the research on soft drinks and breast cancer is a very novel topic. Because breast cancer is so common, advice on lifestyle choices is very important for breast cancer survivors. In addition, despite the negative health effects of drinking soda, such as weight gain, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, many people continue to drink sugary soda.
Only a few observational studies have analyzed the relationship between sugar-sweetened beverages and cancer mortality. Koyratty said: “This study is one of the few studies to observe the prognosis of female breast cancer patients drinking sugar-sweetened soda.”
Researchers conducted a study on 927 women who were diagnosed with breast cancer between the ages of 35 and 79. They evaluated the relationship between sugar-sweetened soda and all-cause and breast cancer mortality. 19 years of follow-up.
The study used a food frequency questionnaire to assess the food and beverage intake of participants 12 to 24 months before the diagnosis of breast cancer. Of the more than 900 women diagnosed with breast cancer, 41% had died at the end of the follow-up. Among the participants who have passed away, the proportion of women who reported drinking high-frequency sugar-sweetened soda was higher than those who were still alive. When the researchers took into account the consumption of sugar-free soda, the association did not change.
Why should you care about sugary sodas?
Koyratty explains: “Sweetened soda is the biggest source of sugar and extra calories in the diet, but they don’t bring any other nutritional benefits. On the other hand, unsweetened tea, coffee and 100% fruit juice, Both are healthier beverage choices because they add nutritional value through antioxidants and vitamins.”
Sugary soda contains a lot of sucrose and fructose. Compared with other foods or beverages, they have the highest glycemic load. The researchers pointed out that the resulting high concentrations of glucose and insulin may lead to conditions associated with a higher risk of breast cancer.
Dr. Jo L. Freudenheim, a senior author of the study and a distinguished professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Hygiene at the State University of New York School of Public Health and Sanitation, said: “Today there are more than 3.5 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. So we need to do better. Understand the factors that affect their health. Although we need more research to confirm our findings, this research proves that diet may affect the lifespan of breast cancer patients.”
This study is one of the first studies focusing on sugar-sweetened beverages and breast cancer patients. Prior to this, a number of studies also showed the negative health effects of sugar-sweetened beverages in other populations.
A study published in the journal JAMA Network Open by Emory University researchers showed that sugar-sweetened beverages increase the risk of premature death among middle-aged and elderly people.
In this study, the author Welsh and her colleagues collected data on 13,440 men and women with an average age of 64, who were part of a large-scale stroke study from 2003 to 2007. Among these participants, 71% were obese or overweight. Participants were asked how many sugary drinks they drank. In an average of six years, 1168 participants died.
The researchers found that during the study, those who drank the most sugary drinks (including 100% fruit juice) had a higher mortality rate than those who drank the least sugary drinks. In addition, the risk increases even more for every 12-ounce drink.
It is worth mentioning that the study confirmed that fruit juice is not a healthy drink either. Whole juices contain some nutrients, which may be beneficial to health, but they also contain relatively high natural sugars. But researchers say that while fruit juice increases the risk of diabetes and heart disease, fruit does not. Therefore, for the general population, eating fruits is a healthier choice.
In another large-scale study published in the international journal Circulation, scientists from Harvard University conducted research on the American population and found that the more sugar-sweetened beverages are consumed, the greater the risk of premature death, and the risk is This is especially true among women. In particular, there is a strong correlation between the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and the risk of premature death in the population caused by cardiovascular diseases.
The researchers analyzed data from 80,647 women in the Nurses’ Health Research Program and 37,716 men in the follow-up study program (1986-2014) for health professionals. In these two studies, participants fill out a copy every two years Questionnaire about life factors and health status. After adjusting the main diet and life factors, the researchers found that the higher a person’s intake of sugar-sweetened beverages, the greater the risk of premature death from any cause, compared to those who consume a small amount of sugar-sweetened beverages every month. For individuals, 1-4 times a month sugary drinks will increase the risk of premature death by 1%, 2-6 times a week will increase the risk of 6%, 1-2 times a day will increase the risk of 14% The risk of 2 times a day or more will increase the risk by 21%. Compared with men, the above relationship is more obvious in the female group.
Compared with people who do not consume sugary beverages regularly, individuals who consume 2-3 servings of sugary beverages a day have a 31% higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease, and if they consume one more sugary beverage a day, The risk of death will increase by 10%. In all populations, there is a modest link between the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and the risk of death from cancer in the population. The researchers stated that these findings are consistent with the known adverse effects of high sugar intake on metabolic risk factors in the body.
Researchers suggest that water should be the beverage of choice, and other sugar-free and creamer-free beverages such as tea or coffee should replace sugary beverages.
(source:internet, reference only)