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Appropriate Coffee during pregnancy can reduce risks of gestational diabetes
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Appropriate Coffee during pregnancy can reduce risks of gestational diabetes. JAMA Sub-Journal: Drinking coffee appropriately during pregnancy can reduce the risk of gestational diabetes.
Coffee is the most popular beverage in the world. 80% of adults drink at least one caffeinated beverage every day.
Coffee is the most popular beverage in the world. 80% of adults drink at least one caffeinated beverage every day. It is estimated that 3 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day in the world. Because it contains a large amount of caffeine, it is often consumed by people to refresh their minds and improve work efficiency. A number of past studies have shown that drinking coffee on a regular basis can bring many health benefits.
Gestational diabetes refers to women with normal glucose metabolism or potential impaired glucose tolerance before pregnancy, and diabetes that appears or is diagnosed during pregnancy, so many pregnant women are also afraid of gestational diabetes.
November 14th is United Nations Diabetes Day . Experts remind that women should control their weight when preparing for pregnancy and try to keep their weight within a normal range. During pregnancy, they should also avoid excessive weight gains, and avoid aggravation of insulin resistance due to body fat accumulation, which may lead to blood sugar problems.
Recently, researchers from the National Institutes of Health and the University of Pennsylvania published a research paper entitled “Assessment of Caffeine Consumption and Maternal Cardiometabolic Pregnancy Complications” in the journal ” JAMA Network Open “.
The study showed that taking a small amount of caffeine during pregnancy can help reduce the risk of gestational diabetes. In the second trimester, drinking up to 100mg of caffeine per day is associated with a 47% reduction in the risk of diabetes .
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) recommends that pregnant women limit their caffeine intake to less than 200 mg per day. This recommendation is based on the results of earlier studies, which have shown that higher caffeine levels are associated with miscarriage and fetal growth.
In this study, the researchers analyzed prospective data from 2,529 pregnant women who participated in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) fetal growth study at 12 clinical centers in the United States during 2009-2013.
Participants reported their weekly coffee, caffeinated tea, soda, and energy drinks during registration and at each follow-up visit. When the participants were 10-13 weeks pregnant, the researchers also measured the concentration of caffeine in the pregnant women’s plasma. The researchers then analyzed the relationship between caffeine intake, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, and pre-eclampsia.
The analysis found that the consumption of caffeinated beverages at 10-13 weeks of pregnancy was not associated with the risk of gestational diabetes .
In the second trimester, intake of 1-100mg/day at 16-22 weeks is associated with a 47% reduction in gestational diabetes.
More importantly, in the second trimester, drinking up to 100mg of caffeine per day is associated with a 47% reduction in diabetes risk . People who drank caffeine during pregnancy and those who did not drink caffeine had no statistical significance in blood pressure, preeclampsia, or hypertension.
The researchers pointed out that the results of the study are consistent with studies that found that caffeine improves energy balance and reduces fat. And said that these findings cannot be ruled out because other components of coffee and tea, such as phytochemicals, may affect inflammation and insulin resistance, thereby reducing the risk of gestational diabetes.
However, an earlier study showed that caffeine intake during pregnancy, even if it is lower than the recommended 200 mg per day, is associated with lighter newborns.
In this regard, the researchers emphasized that women who do not drink coffee are not advised to start drinking caffeinated beverages in order to reduce the risk of gestational diabetes . However, the results of the study may reassure coffee-loving women that moderate intake may not increase the health risks to pregnant women.
doi: 10.1001 / jamanetworkopen.2021.33401
Appropriate Coffee during pregnancy can reduce risks of gestational diabetes.
(source:internet, reference only)