September 25, 2022

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Why more and more young people get stomach cancer?

Why more and more young people get stomach cancer?

 

Why more and more young people get stomach cancer? Malignant tumors such as gastric cancer are no longer exclusive to the elderly. We should understand how to stay away from this disease. Who is easy to find for stomach cancer.

Why more and more young people get stomach cancer?


0 1 More young people are suffering from stomach cancer?

The number of young people in big cities is increasing!

In general, the incidence of gastric cancer ranks second among all tumor incidences, but it is gradually decreasing. This trend is more obvious in Europe, America and Japan. This is because, with the popularization of refrigerators, it is easier for the public to obtain fresh fruits and vegetables. Coupled with the improvement of public health, the infection rate of Helicobacter pylori has gradually decreased, which in turn reduces the incidence of gastric cancer.

However, another type of gastric cancer, that is, the incidence of gastric cancer caused by non- Helicobacter pylori infection is gradually increasing. This type of gastric cancer currently accounts for 1% to 2% of all gastric cancer incidence. With the development of social economy, people’s life is fast, psychological pressure is high, and bad moods increase. Therefore, the incidence of this type of gastric cancer is increasing among young people in big cities.

 

02 What are the high-risk factors for gastric cancer?

Generally speaking, there are 5 factors that cause gastric cancer:

Helicobacter pylori

It is a special kind of bacteria that colonizes the gastric mucosa. It is also the earliest gastric bacteria found in humans and is related to intestinal gastric cancer. If Helicobacter pylori infection is detected, that is Helicobacter pylori positive, especially if infected with toxic Helicobacter pylori, the risk of gastric cancer in the future is higher than that of the general population.


Salt

In fact, only 1% of people infected with Helicobacter pylori may develop gastric cancer at most, which requires a combination of other factors, such as salt. Under a high-salt diet, the pathogenicity of Helicobacter pylori has changed, and its toxicity has also changed greatly, which can cause damage to the epithelial cells of the gastric mucosa, and then transform into gastric cancer. In other words, the combination of Helicobacter pylori and a high-salt diet provides a catalyst for the occurrence of gastric cancer.


Age

The occurrence of gastric cancer is related to age. With the increase of age, starting from the age of 50, the risk of gastric cancer increases; after the age of 70, the probability of gastric cancer increases exponentially; by the age of 80 and 90, the risk is higher. This phenomenon is in line with the laws of nature. The stomach helps us digest food for a lifetime. From the age of 50, the self-renewal and repair ability of the stomach begins to decline. The ability to repair normal gastric mucosal epithelium is weakened, and the risk of transforming into gastric cancer increases.


Gender

The risk of men suffering from gastric cancer is 2 to 3 times higher than that of women. It is the same phenomenon and pattern all over the world. The reason is related to the chromosomes of men, that is, genetic genes; at the same time, it is related to the lifestyle of men, such as the smoking rate of men is higher than that of women; in terms of dietary habits, men prefer meat and high-salt foods rather than vegetables and fruits; There are responsibilities assigned to men by society, resulting in greater pressure than women. The above-mentioned comprehensive factors determine that the risk of men suffering from gastric cancer is higher, not only gastric cancer, but also some other tumors, and the incidence of men is significantly higher than that of women.


Family inheritance

On the one hand, genetic genes play a certain role in the incidence of gastric cancer; on the other hand, their role is not so great. Gastric cancer is the result of multiple genes, multiple stages, and multiple factors. In addition to the role of genetic genes, more importantly, people with a high-risk family history of gastric cancer will be affected by their family’s poor diet and lifestyle. But if you develop a healthy life and eating habits, the effect of this aspect will be very low.


03 Is there a high risk factor for gastric cancer?



of course not! The so-called high-risk means that the risk of gastric cancer is higher than that of the general population, but through the improvement of lifestyle and diet, it is not necessary to develop into cancer. However, if you are in tension and anxiety for a long time, your body’s immune function will decrease, making it worse, causing cancer to come to your door.
High-risk groups can significantly reduce the incidence of gastric cancer by actively eradicating Helicobacter pylori; conditioning by lifestyle and diet can also reduce the incidence of gastric cancer. Therefore, through intervention, not every high-risk group will develop gastric cancer, and its prevalence rate is only 1%~2%.
How to find out early

 

04 The prognosis of gastric cancer is closely related to the timing of diagnosis and treatment. How can early detection be achieved?



Even if they are afraid, high-risk groups should be screened with gastroscopy!

Under normal circumstances, the screening age starts from 40 years old. However, young people with stomach discomfort, especially the persistent symptoms, although these uncomfortable symptoms have no specificity, although there is no “alarm signal” such as loss of appetite, loss of appetite, weight loss, etc., it is also recommended to undergo gastroscopy.


Gastroscopy strategy

The difference between painless gastroscopy and painless gastroscopy. During gastroscopy, especially during ordinary gastroscopy, the patient’s reaction to nausea and vomiting will be more obvious. Because young people are more sensitive to the outside world, this reaction may be more obvious in young people .

In this case, you can choose painless gastroscopy, that is, to apply certain intravenous sedatives to the patient to reduce the throat reflex and reduce the patient’s vomiting response, so as to successfully receive gastroscopy.

Who is suitable for painless gastroscopy? As long as there is no serious heart disease or severe lung disease, you can basically do painless gastroscopy. However, if the upper respiratory tract infection occurs during the gastroscopy and the pharynx feels uncomfortable, it is recommended to stop the examination, because there is inflammation in the airway at this time, and the painless gastroscopy may cause transient hypoxia.

In this case, it is generally recommended that patients choose to check. Gastroscopy time. Routine gastroscopy is usually about 8 minutes. If a lesion is found, a biopsy may take an extra minute or two. In general, gastroscopy can basically be over in about 10 minutes.

Precautions before the inspection In the early stage of the inspection, complete the screening of hepatitis B, AIDS, syphilis and other infection indicators, hematology items and electrocardiogram inspections according to the requirements of the hospital. On this basis, food is not allowed after 10 o’clock in the evening the day before the gastroscopy, and no water is allowed in the morning of the painless gastroscopy to avoid aspiration during the examination.

For high-risk groups, a recheck interval of 1 to 2 years is recommended; for non-high-risk groups, a recheck interval of 3 to 5 years. A gastroscope can only represent the state of the stomach over a period of time, but it does not mean that you will not suffer from gastric cancer for life.

 


How to regulate treatment

If you really have stomach cancer, how to treat it?

Treatment should be combined with the early, middle and late stages of the tumor, and the patient should go to a regular medical institution for treatment.

Simply put, for early gastric cancer, endoscopic treatment is recommended. Endoscopic resection, also known as ultra-minimally invasive treatment, can not only cure gastric cancer, but also prevent the complete structure of the stomach from being lost, and the gastric function can be completely restored after surgery.
However, endoscopic treatment has requirements for the size and depth of tumor invasion. If the relevant regulations are exceeded, endoscopic resection cannot be performed, because the purpose of curative resection of the tumor cannot be achieved. At this time, even if endoscopic resection is performed, there will be pulse The risk of metastasis of tubes and lymph nodes. Can consider surgical treatment.

Can stomach cancer be cured?

It depends on the specific situation of the individual patient!
Early gastric cancer can be cured by endoscopic treatment. Even if it is unfortunately detected in the middle and advanced stages of gastric cancer, those that can be surgically removed should be removed as much as possible. At this time, in order to continue life, the price paid is partial or complete removal of the stomach, so the quality of life will be significantly affected.

 

How to stay away from stomach cancer

What bad behaviors in daily life can harm the stomach?

Irregular diet, high salt, low intake of vegetables, devouring meals, smoking, staying up late…In our daily life, these bad habits are quietly hurting our stomachs.

What “warning signs” appear in the body, indicating that there may be a problem with the stomach?

Unexplained loss of appetite, loss of appetite, weight loss, black stool, etc. However, when these conditions appear, it may be mid- to late-stage gastric cancer. Early-stage gastric cancer is asymptomatic, and regular physical examinations are recommended.

How can the general population prevent gastric cancer?

Prevention is the most economical and effective health strategy, and lifestyle adjustments are essential to prevent gastric cancer. Quit the bad habits in life such as smoking, high-salt diet, and low-vegetable diet, and stomach cancer will be less frequent. In addition, the virulent Helicobacter pylori will cause atrophy and intestinal destruction of the gastric mucosa, eradicating this disease. Bacteria can also prevent and control stomach cancer.

 

(source:internet, reference only)


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