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JMT: Early Symptoms and Precautions of Breast Cancer
JMT: Early Symptoms and Precautions of Breast Cancer. breast cancer can be detected and treated early, and it is a tumor with very good treatment effect. I hope that you will not panic when it comes to breast cancer.
The incidence of breast cancer is high, and almost all occur in women, especially some accomplished female friends who unfortunately suffer from breast cancer during the golden period of their careers, making this disease panic in this era of such smooth information; plus some possibilities The pathological type of the disease is not good, or the discovery is late, making the treatment effect poor, which makes the disease more confusing.
Japan Medical Tourism Co., Ltd. does some popular science to help everyone understand and stay away from breast cancer!
What worries Japan Medical Tourism Co., Ltd. is that if there is too much talk, will it make everyone feel that breast cancer is becoming ubiquitous, but increase panic, so I take this opportunity to share with you some breast cancer related Try to make it easy to understand.
Regarding breast cancer:
Breast cancer mostly occurs in women, and there are few men (but there are also cases, but also need to be vigilant). Most of the clinically seen onset ages are mostly 45-55 years old. There are also very few young patients such as under 35 years old. The first question is, what kind of people are susceptible to breast cancer? We actually don’t know the exact cause of breast cancer, but there will be some high-risk groups. It should be explained that high-risk does not necessarily have to be sick. For example, there is a patient with breast cancer in our ward. Her daughter is 30 years old and has breast hyperplasia. She asks every day if she wants to undergo surgery, worrying about breast cancer in the future. Such worries are unnecessary. Because breast cancer has the phenomenon of family aggregation, but only 5-10% of them have inheritance, so don’t be bothered by these. So if it is popular science, I would rather replace the high-risk factors of breast cancer with what we can do to reduce the risk of breast cancer.
1. Promote a healthy lifestyle:
1.1. Drink in moderation, not excessive alcohol, it is not easy to completely abstain from alcohol, but reduce the frequency and amount of drinking. To quit smoking.
1.2. Exercise regularly, aerobic exercise at least 3 times a week, popularly speaking, exercise to make yourself sweat, 30 minutes per time.
1.3. Maintain a healthy weight: High body mass index (BMI) and thick waist circumference are considered risk factors for breast cancer, especially in postmenopausal women. In other words, obesity is a high risk factor for breast cancer. Therefore, some domestic data show that women with a BMI of 22-23 are safer than those with a BMI greater than 24.
1.4. Healthy diet: A high-fat, high-calorie, high-protein diet is considered to be related to the high incidence of breast cancer, so reduce intake. Excessive nutritional supplements, especially supplements containing estrogen, can increase the risk of breast cancer.
1.5. Estrogen replacement therapy: The use of estrogen replacement therapy in order to reduce the symptoms of menopause will increase the risk of breast cancer.
1.6. Regarding stress: Stress itself may not be a risk factor for cancer, but improper response will reduce the body’s immune function and increase the risk of breast cancer.
1.7. Fertility and breastfeeding: Infertility and late birth can be a risk, and not breastfeeding is also a risk.
1.8. Others: Introduce some patients’ special conditions before the onset of illness, such as family members sick, passed away, just moved into a new home, work changes, and there are some major events in life. There are also individuals who have undergone breast augmentation surgery. So I especially want to say that you must be able to survive the “wind and rain” so that you can live safely and enjoy the “rainbow” healthily.
2. Seriously do breast physical examination: give a few examples:
2.1. Blindly optimistic: Other patients are blindly optimistic, unswervingly believing that they will not get breast cancer, and even if breast tumors have been found, they will not go to the doctor until it has been delayed.
2.2. Excessive fear: I found a breast mass and I didn’t dare to see it because I was worried about surgery, chemotherapy, side effects of chemotherapy, and money.
2.3. Insufficient knowledge of breast cancer: When breast tumors are found, I also know that they may be cancer, but I believe that some remedies do not go to the professional team for medical treatment, which delays the condition.
Therefore, early detection of breast cancer is very important, because early breast cancer can be cured.
3. How to detect breast cancer early: Because the breast is on the body surface, it is usually easy to find its abnormalities, which makes it possible to promote early detection of breast cancer.
3.1. Emphasize regular breast clinical examinations: Although breasts are on the body surface and individuals can feel abnormalities, many of our patients come to see a doctor because they have discovered breast tumors or abnormalities, but this is not what we are talking about early detection. , If such a situation is checked regularly, it may be discovered earlier.
Therefore, it is necessary to conduct regular clinical examinations of breast specialists to convey a concept: if the following symptoms are found, come to see a doctor, which is not the early detection we are talking about. Therefore, we must promote breast health examinations and check when there is no disease. Very important. If one day a certain percentage of people who come to hospitals or medical institutions are healthy people, then early detection of breast cancer is not empty talk.
3.2. How to perform breast self-examination: Although self-examination cannot replace clinical examination by professional doctors, it is always a method that can be carried out on a daily basis as a supplement to the regular hospital examination interval.
Method: Breast self-examination is best performed 7 to 10 days after the start of the menstrual cycle. Simply put, look first: observe whether there are changes in breasts, nipples, skin, and appearance. The second is touch: usually lying down with the fingertips and touching the skin in time to massage, the cycle is completed, and the entire breast is examined. And gently squeeze the nipple for bloody secretions, remember not to squeeze hard.
4. The true early detection of breast cancer must be regular physical examinations:
4.1. Clinical check-up: It is to go to a professional hospital for check-up by a specialist doctor; women aged 30-40 have a clinical check-up every 1-2 years, while those over 40 years old should be checked every year.
4.2. B-ultrasound examination: Due to the current development of imaging technology, the resolution of B-ultrasound has increased, which can detect early tumors. Women over 40 years old should have a B-ultrasound examination every year.
4.3. Mammography inspection: Women over 40 years of age can have a mammography inspection every one to two years. You can also do a mammography check when an abnormality is found in B-ultrasound. 4.4. MRI of the breast: currently not used for breast cancer screening.
However, if the following common symptoms and signs of breast cancer appear, you must seek medical treatment and examination.
5. Common symptoms and signs of breast cancer:
5.1. Lump: The most common is to touch the lump, but some people will mistake the nodule of breast hyperplasia for a lump because of the wrong technique. Therefore, it is very important to go to a breast specialist clinical examination. Most of the lumps can be painless or painful, or painless at first and pain later.
5.2. Changes in breast appearance: the following are common signs: dimple sign: breast tissue is surrounded by superficial fascia located under the skin, which are connected by the Cooper ligament. Because the superficial fascia is connected to the skin, when breast cancer invades the Cooper’s ligament between the breasts to shorten it, it will stretch the skin and make the local skin sunken like dimples, which is called “dimple sign.”
Redness and swelling of the skin: The skin is light red or deep red, and it quickly spreads from a limited piece to most of the breast, and even the whole breast. When palpated, the entire breast is thickened, hardened, skin temperature increased, and swollen, rough orange peel: If cancer cells block the subcutaneous lymphatic vessels, skin edema and orange peel-like changes can occur.
The tumor develops to an advanced stage, and the lump grows up, which can cause the skin to bulge. If the blood supply is insufficient, the skin becomes red and thin, and ulceration may occur. Patients are often accompanied by pain. Skin nodules: When nodules are distributed on the skin surrounding the lesion, they are called satellite nodules. Changes in breast roulette: When the mass is large, the breast may have a local bulge and enlarge the breast.
flat, retracted, sunken nipples, and inverted nipples caused by breast cancer are different from congenital inverted nipples. The latter can often be pulled out by hand, and the nipple retraction caused by breast cancer cannot be pulled out, and the lumps can be palpable under or around the sunken nipple. The eczema-like changes of the nipple: initially itching of the nipple, thickening of the nipple epithelium, desquamation, and exudation, gradually appearing erosion, erosion and repeated scabs, chopped off, red granulation after the areola skin peeling off, the nipple can gradually flatten. Finally disappeared.
nipple discharge, usually bloody; regional lymphadenopathy: some breast cancers start with regional lymphadenopathy. Axillary lymph node metastasis: the most common, the axillary lymph nodes are enlarged, hard to touch, irregular, and poor mobility. Supraclavicular lymph nodes: Metastatic lymph nodes are mostly located in the left supraclavicular fossa or right supraclavicular fossa. The lesions are hard and generally small.
6. Once breast cancer is diagnosed, what are the treatment methods: breast cancer treatment methods are basically surgery, chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and targeted therapy.
There is an important question here: breast cancer is not the same, that is to say, breast cancer is divided into different types. Therefore, it can be explained why some breast cancer patients do not relapse for 10-20 years, while some relapse earlier. Of course, different treatments will bring different prognosis.
7. How to reduce recurrence:
7.1. Standardized treatment: It is difficult to explain in detail how to treat in a popular science article, but it can be said that standardized treatment must be the key to reducing recurrence. For example, if the disease requires chemotherapy, it should be adhered to despite some side effects. We will I saw some patients and asked a question over and over again: Can I not undergo chemotherapy? Because I am afraid of side effects, there are many ways to prevent and treat side effects of chemotherapy, so in a professional team, these can be reduced to a minimum.
7.2. Endocrine therapy is the same, because receptor-positive breast cancer will be treated with endocrine therapy for 5 years or even 10 years. At this stage, the patient has actually removed the tumor, and endocrine therapy will cause some joint pain, etc. Some patients stopped on their own.
7.3. When it comes to targeted therapy, the problem is even more serious. Because of the high cost and self-finance, some patients will refuse to accept such treatment. The reason is that my tumor has been removed. Why do I need such expensive treatment?
7.4. Regular follow-up: The outpatient clinic often sees some postoperative patients who have severe lung, liver, and bone metastases before they come for review. Therefore, regular review is very important. Just like early diagnosis, early recurrence can be found and treated early.
7.5. Due to the emergence of new drugs and the deepening of understanding of the disease at the molecular level, even after breast cancer has metastasized, some patients have a longer survival time, so it is necessary to follow the diagnosis and treatment standards.
Finally, I want to remind the majority of women to cherish breast health, starting from bit by bit!
In short, breast cancer can be detected and treated early, and it is a tumor with very good treatment effect. I hope that we will not panic when it comes to breast cancer. Finally, Japan Medical Tourism Co., Ltd. would like to remind women to cherish breast health, starting from bit by bit
(source:internet, reference only)