November 29, 2022

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Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world?

Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world?



 

Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world? The global COVID-19 vaccination rate is the highest in the world. Why is Israel?

 

Israel, which has the world’s highest coverage rate of COVID-19 vaccination, has been receiving new news recently.

 

According to Our World in Data data, as of now, 87.06 doses of vaccine have been distributed for every 100 people in Israel.

The Minister of Health of Israel previously stated that about 4.3 million Israelis have received the COVID-19 vaccine, and nearly 3 million of them have completed the second dose. .

 

Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world?Vaccine distribution data in different countries
Source: Our World in Data

 

There is no doubt that Israel is still the first country to obtain herd immunity through vaccines.

 

 

 

 

Real world: vaccine effectiveness reaches expectations

On February 24, NEJM published a paper analyzing the real-world protection data of Pfizer mRNA vaccine BNT162b2 based on the vaccination situation in Israel.

 

The study counted 596,618 vaccinators from December 20, 2020 to February 1, 2021, and analyzed the protective power of the vaccine 14 to 20 days after the first vaccination and 7 days after the second vaccination. The results show that:

  • For the new coronavirus pneumonia confirmed by the nucleic acid test, the protective effect is 46% 14 to 20 days after the first vaccination, and 92% on the seventh day and after the second vaccination;
  • For the prevention of new coronavirus pneumonia symptoms, the protective power is 57% and 94% respectively;
  • For reducing the hospitalization rate, the protective power is 74% and 87% respectively;
  • For the prevention of severe new coronavirus pneumonia, the protective power is 62% and 92% respectively;
  • 14 to 20 days after the first vaccination, the effectiveness of preventing COVID-19 deaths is 72%.

 

 

 

Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world?
Source: Reference 1

 

Such results suggest that Pfizer mRNA vaccine can effectively prevent new coronavirus pneumonia infection and significantly improve the outcome of multiple diseases of new coronavirus pneumonia, which is consistent with the vaccine’s phase III clinical trial results.

 

The Israeli Ministry of Health released the vaccine effectiveness data on February 20. 14 days after the second dose of vaccine, the overall effective rate of the vaccine was 95.8%:

  • Prevent new coronavirus pneumonia with fever or respiratory symptoms, the effective rate is 98.0%;
  • Prevent new coronavirus pneumonia that requires hospitalization, with an effective rate of 98.9%;
  • Prevent severe new coronavirus pneumonia with an effective rate of 99.2%;
  • The effective rate of preventing death from the COVID-19 is 98.9%.

 

Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world?

The first column from the left is the effective rate 14 days after vaccination, and the second column from the left is the effective rate 7 days after vaccination (Source: Reference 2)

 

On February 18th, Lancet published a paper on the vaccination situation in Israel, which is also the first article to evaluate the efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine based on real-world data.

 

The study selected 9109 medical workers, of whom 7,214 received the first shot and 6,037 received the second shot.

 

The results showed that compared with people who were not vaccinated, 1 to 14 days and 15 to 28 days after the first dose of vaccination, the rate of new coronavirus infection decreased by 30% and 75%, respectively; the incidence of symptomatic new coronavirus pneumonia decreased by 47% and 47%, respectively. 85%.

 

 

Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world?
Source: Reference 3

 

 

 

 

Buy vaccines at twice the price, exchange vaccination data for vaccines

Why can Israel lead the world in vaccine coverage? First of all, in the matter of purchasing vaccines, it can be seen that the government has indeed paid the money.

 

In June 2020, Israel became one of the first countries to sign a vaccine supply agreement with Moderna. In November 2020, while Pfizer announced that the COVID-19 vaccine was effective, Israel quickly delivered a huge deposit.

 

According to Deutsche Welle reports, the Israeli government spent a total of US$315 million (approximately 2 billion yuan) to purchase vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna. The purchase price of each dose of Pfizer was 23 euros.

 


Prime Minister of Israel welcomes the first batch of Pfizer vaccines
Source: YouTube video screenshot

 

 

But Israel’s vaccines are clearly expensive. In contrast, the United States purchases Pfizer vaccine at a price of 19.5 US dollars (approximately RMB 125) per dose, and the European Union pays 12 Euros (approximately RMB 95) for each dose of Pfizer vaccine.

 

The price war is also part of Israel’s plan. The Israeli Finance Minister said in an interview that to compete with major countries for vaccines, it is necessary to increase the purchase price.

 

In addition to “buy early and buy expensive”, the Israeli government has also reached an agreement with Pfizer to exchange data for vaccines.

 

“We persuaded pharmaceutical companies that as long as they provide vaccines to Israel, we can promote vaccination in the shortest possible time,” Israeli Health Minister Edelstein said in an interview.

The agreement was quickly signed so that pharmaceutical companies can see the results of vaccination in Israel as soon as possible. This is a win-win situation.”

 

According to part of the transaction terms disclosed by the government, Israel will share data with Pfizer including the number of newly confirmed cases, the number of severe cases, the number of deaths and the number of vaccinations, as well as the age and gender of each person.

 

Although the government will anonymize patients’ personal information, many people still believe that this may infringe on patients’ privacy.

Tehilla, a senior researcher at the Israel Democracy Institute, believes that the data shared may also include the patient’s complete medical history. “This way of directly assigning personal data to the government is neither ethical nor legal.”

 

In any case, Israel’s positive attitude has received a good response. According to local media reports, Pfizer has privately promised to deliver about 10 million doses of vaccine to Israel by the end of March, and Israel’s goal is to complete the vaccination of 5 million people by the end of March. .

 

 

 

Medicare for all, exhausting efforts for vaccination

Another advantage of Israel’s vaccine promotion lies in the highly digitalized universal healthcare system.

 

In 1948, Israel began to implement a medical insurance system, which, like other developed countries, includes two parts: public medical insurance and private medical insurance.

 

In 1995, the Israeli government promulgated the National Health Insurance Law, adopting a mandatory method of enrollment, requiring all Israeli citizens to be covered by a medical insurance program provided by four state-regulated medical institutions: Clalit, Maccabi, Meuhedet, and Leumit.

 

Clalit Health Service
Source: Wikipedia

 

 

In addition to medical insurance, these four medical institutions also have collaborative relationships with hospitals and clinics. Take the largest scale Clalit as an example.

The Meir Hospital directly established by it is one of Israel’s largest hospitals.

It also has 8 community medical service centers, 26 major clinics, and 152 primary health care clinics, forming a single A huge medical complex.

 

At the same time, Israel also has a digital system that summarizes national health care information, which records all insured persons’ medical data from birth to the present, which can be accessed and viewed in different hospitals and clinics.

 

The COVID-19 vaccination service is also provided by these four medical institutions to the insured people free of charge.

 

In addition, the Israeli government has established a Covid-19 command center to coordinate the different agencies that may be involved in vaccine distribution.

Regarding the cold-chain transportation of vaccines, the Ministry of Health contacted all pharmaceutical manufacturers with refrigerated warehouses and transportation capabilities across the country, and “disintegrated” Pfizer’s original large packaging, so as to ensure the quality of the vaccines, and make it easier to update them.

Small quantities of units are delivered to more remote locations.

 

At present, Israel has set up 350 vaccination sites, most of which are located in places with a high flow of people. Some vaccination sites even provide free coffee and pizza.

 

 

Israelis are receiving free food at the vaccination point
Source: YouTube video screenshot

 

 

On the other hand, the Ministry of Health has launched the “Green Pass” application, which is linked to personal medical records.

People who are considered to be fully immune and vaccinated after COVID-19 can use the “Green Pass” to enter and exit shopping malls and public places. Places to participate in cultural sports events.

 

 

 

The general election is approaching, the vaccine may be the last bargaining chip

On December 19, 2020, Pfizer/BioNTech’s mRNA Covid-19 vaccine was officially approved for marketing in Israel. On the same day, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu broadcasted his first shot of Pfizer vaccine in the country on live television.

 

During the live broadcast, Netanyahu made a speech to the people all over the country, saying that he took the lead in vaccinating the COVID-19 vaccine in order to encourage the Israeli people to actively and timely cooperate with the vaccination work.

 

Netanyahu live vaccination
Source: YouTube video screenshot

 

 

Netanyahu is very active in Israel’s COVID-19 vaccine promotion work, but before that, he once faced a re-election crisis.

 

Since the Knesset’s dissolution at the end of May 2019, Prime Minister Netanyahu has not only failed to form a new government, he has also been prosecuted and tried for corruption.

In July 2020, thousands of people demonstrated in Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and other cities in Israel, dissatisfied with the government’s efforts in epidemic prevention and control, and demanded that Netanyahu step down.

 

Today, the vaccine may be Netanyahu’s last life-saving straw before the national election on March 23.

Not only did he personally vaccinate the country’s first COVID-19 vaccine, he also often revealed in interviews that he had good interactions with vaccine suppliers, especially Pfizer CEO Blar, who was born in a Jewish family, and was more often referred to by Netanya. Hu called “Israel’s good partner.”

 


Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla
Source: YouTube video screenshot

 

 

But in any case, the Israeli government has really tried its best to distribute and promote vaccines.

Israel plans to complete the vaccination of 70% of the country’s population by the end of March, and the vaccination of high-risk groups is likely to be completed ahead of schedule by the end of February.

So far, about 4.3 million Israelis have received the COVID-19 vaccine, and nearly 3 million of them have completed the second dose.

 

In the future, the eyes of the world will still focus on Israel. Whether the vaccine can end the pandemic, more data from Israel may provide the answer.

 

 

 

 

Why Israel can rank No.1 on COVID-19 vaccination in the world?

(source:internet, reference only)


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