June 25, 2024

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Why is liver cancer at an advanced stage when discovered?

Why is liver cancer at an advanced stage when discovered?


Why is liver cancer at an advanced stage when discovered?   

Liver cancer is a high-incidence cancer, but many patients have no symptoms in the early stage, but it is found that it has reached the advanced stage upon examination, which is regrettable.


Why is liver cancer at an advanced stage when discovered?




1 Why is liver cancer discovered at an advanced stage?

The liver is a powerful organ that plays an important role in the human body.


The power of the liver is not only that it has many functions, it can also “tolerate” it, but this has also become its fatal flaw.


First, the liver is less likely to “pain.”


The liver lacks painful fibers, that is, it has no pain. Even if there are some minor problems, the human body will not feel obvious discomfort.


Only when the cancer cells continue to grow and expand and “touch” the envelope, the human body will feel pain.


Therefore, when you feel pain, it is often too late.


Secondly, the liver is very powerful, and the damaged part can still work normally.


The working efficiency of the liver is very high, and the liver of a normal person only needs to use about 1/4 to meet daily needs.


This quarter of the liver is broken, and there are other liver cells that can function normally.


It is precisely because of the huge potential of the liver that even if liver cancer develops to the advanced stage, to the extent that the tumor has grown up and there are metastases in the liver, sometimes liver function may still have no obvious abnormalities.


But because of this, liver cancer is not easy to be detected in the early stage. Once it “strikes”, it will be permanently offline.


Someone might say that since the liver is so powerful, wouldn’t it be enough to cut off the cancerous part?


This is the most terrifying point: Many liver cancer patients have underlying liver diseases that cannot be removed for treatment.


In clinical practice, there is indeed a solution to directly “remove” the diseased part. This is often applied to the early stage of liver cancer or where the cancer cells are relatively concentrated.


But most liver cancers develop from basic liver diseases, such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, porphyria, etc. These chronic liver diseases may have already eroded the entire liver.


In other words, the condition of the remaining non-cancerous liver is not good. If the cancerous part is removed, the remaining liver will not be able to do all the work.


In another case, cancer cells don’t gather in one place obediently waiting for you to go to the “one pot end”. They are likely to be scattered in various parts of the liver, and it is impossible for the doctor to dig a spoonful and pry a piece of it. To remove cancer cells.





2 What factors will quietly increase the risk of liver cancer?


As mentioned earlier, the liver is actually very powerful, but there are many invisible risk factors in life, which will harm it little by little and increase the risk of cancer.


➊ Viral hepatitis

Chronic viral hepatitis is the most important risk factor for liver cancer, mainly referring to hepatitis B and C.

Because of the unique “non-insensitivity” characteristic of the liver, hepatitis infection also has no symptoms. The hepatitis virus can be latent in the human body and spread through blood, mother and child, and sexual behavior.


Precisely because there are no symptoms, many patients do not know that they are sick. Unknowingly, the hepatitis continues to progress and becomes a hotbed for liver cancer.


According to data released by the World Health Organization, there are approximately 910,000 new cases of liver cancer worldwide in 2020, of which 45% (410,038 cases) occurred in China, and most of these patients developed from hepatitis.


However, with the advancement of medicine, hepatitis C can be completely cured, and hepatitis B vaccination has also greatly reduced the number of patients with hepatitis B. In recent years, the harm of viral hepatitis to humans has been gradually reduced. It is estimated that by 2030, viral hepatitis-related liver cancer will be completely controlled.


The new generation of people should pay more attention to another major behavior that hurts the liver: drinking.


➋ Alcoholic liver disease

Liquor is definitely a good hand to hurt the liver. The liver is always silently subjected to alcoholic “baptism” time and time again, and pays for our drunk behavior time and time again during overloaded work.

After the alcohol is absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, it will enter the liver and be metabolized and broken down. Alcohol (ethanol) is first metabolized to acetaldehyde in the liver, then to acetic acid, and finally to water and carbon dioxide.

Alcohol, together with the products metabolized at each stage, are toxic, and these toxic substances will enter the liver.

The so-called “alcohol liver” is chronic liver disease caused by long-term heavy drinking. From alcoholic fatty liver, it can gradually aggravate to liver cirrhosis, and then further progress to liver cancer.

At the same time, alcohol can also aggravate the damage of hepatitis virus to the liver and promote the occurrence of liver cancer.

The ability of Chinese people to metabolize alcohol is inherently inferior. Toxic substances will accumulate in the body for a longer time and pose a greater threat to the liver.


➌ Other risk factors

In addition to viral hepatitis and alcoholic liver disease, drug abuse, overeating, obesity and overweight, and careless dietary hygiene can all cause damage to the liver.


The liver is the largest detoxification organ in the human body and the metabolic center of the human body.


It is involved in drug metabolism. When you swallow a lot of health care products, you think it is health care, but in fact it may be fatal. Every pill you swallow will increase the burden on the liver.


It is also involved in nutrient metabolism, such as sugar, protein and fat. After the food eaten in the stomach is digested by the gastrointestinal tract, the liver processes nutrients for adult physical fitness.


However, the liver has a certain metabolic limit. If you can’t process the big fish and meat every day, the fat cannot be metabolized into sugar in time. Instead, it will accumulate in the liver cells as a stock and cause liver damage. This situation is called “fatty liver”. 


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can be treated and reversed to a certain extent, but if careless for a long time, it can cause fatty liver cirrhosis and even liver cancer.


If you overeating frequently, or are already obese or overweight, you must pay attention.


In addition, aflatoxin is prone to appear in an unhygienic eating environment. Aflatoxin increases the incidence of many cancers, including liver cancer.





3 These things must be done to prevent liver cancer


Facing the terrible liver cancer, what can we do to prevent it from coming?

There are actually many:

➊ Maintain good living habits, do not smoke or drink, do not overweight, do not abuse drugs, do not eat moldy food;

➋ Be sure to get the hepatitis B vaccine. Those who have not been vaccinated should be vaccinated as soon as possible. If they belong to a high-risk group of hepatitis B, pay attention to monitoring the hepatitis B antibody, and supplement vaccinations if necessary;

➌ Actively treat chronic liver diseases, including chronic hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, alcoholic liver disease, etc. Don’t ignore it just because you don’t feel it;

➍ People with chronic liver disease should pay attention to regular physical examinations to screen for liver cancer through liver ultrasound, AFP (alpha-fetoglobulin), etc.

The liver is no small matter, and I hope everyone stays away from cancer.






Why is liver cancer at an advanced stage when discovered?

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