September 30, 2022

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Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women 

Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women



 

Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women. 

Harvard University confirmed that sugary drinks that girls drink when they are young will increase the risk of colorectal cancer in the future. 

According to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO) , colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer type and the second most fatal cancer worldwide.

Colorectal cancer can occur at any age, but most of it only affects the elderly over 50 years old. The incidence of colorectal cancer in the young population is very low.

 

However, in the past 30 years , the incidence of colorectal cancer among young people under the age of 50 has been increasing.

Due to the increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer in young people, the average diagnosis age of colorectal cancer has been advanced from 72 to 66.

 

Researchers are still exploring the reasons behind the rejuvenation of colorectal cancer.

 

In May 2021, researchers from Harvard University School of Public Health, Washington University School of Medicine and other units published research paper entitled: Sugar-sweetened beverage intake in adulthood and adolescence and risk of early-onset colorectal cancer among women in Gut , a top journal in the field of gastroenterology.

 

The study showed that women who consume a lot of sugar-sweetened beverages during adolescence (13 to 18 years) and adulthood increase their risk of colorectal cancer before the age of 50.

This also reminds us that we should reduce our sugar intake.

 

The corresponding author of the study is Cao Ying of the University of Washington School of Medicine , and the first author is Jinhee Hur of the Harvard School of Public Health .

 

Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women

 

Many studies have confirmed that the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is related to metabolic health problems, such as type 2 diabetes and obesity .

 

In the past few decades, the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been increasing rapidly, among which children, adolescents, and young people between 20 and 34 years old consume the most.

 

At the same time, the incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer has been increasing.

Is there a correlation between the two? Does the large amount of sugar-sweetened beverages increase the incidence of colorectal cancer in young people?

 

Prior to this, Cao Ying’s team had confirmed that poor diet quality was associated with an increased risk of early-onset colorectal cancer, but did not further analyze specific dietary components.

 

The research team analyzed data from Harvard University’s “Nurse Health Research II”, which tracked the health of nearly 116,500 female nurses from 1991 to 2015 .  Participants answered a survey every four years.

The survey involved dietary issues, including the type and estimated amount of beverages they drank. 

Among the total participants, more than 41,000 participants recalled their eating habits during adolescence.

 

Researchers identified 109 cases of early-onset colorectal cancer among nearly 116,500 participants.

Further analysis found that compared with women who drank less than 1 cup (240 ml) of sugar-sweetened beverages a week , women who drank 2 or more sugar-sweetened beverages a day more than doubled their risk of developing colorectal cancer before the age of 50. . Drinking 1 cup a day increases the risk by 16%.

 

Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women

 

In addition, between the ages of 13-18 , which is a key stage of physical development and growth, drinking 1 cup of sugary beverages a day increases the risk of colorectal cancer before the age of 50 by 32%.

 

Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women

 

Cao Ying , the leader of the study, said that although the number of early-onset colorectal cancer cases is very small, there are still strong signals that sugar intake, especially at young age, increases the risk of colorectal cancer in adulthood. Plays an important role.

 

This study also echoes previous studies linking obesity and metabolic status to the high risk of early-onset colorectal cancer, indicating that metabolic problems, such as insulin resistance, may play an important role in the development of cancer in young people.

 

Taking into account the increase in the proportion of young people suffering from colorectal cancer, the American Cancer Society has recently reduced the recommended age for first colonoscopy from the previous 50 to 45. Those with a family history of colorectal cancer should start screening earlier.

 

This observational study found that large amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages were associated with an increased risk of early-onset colorectal cancer .

It was also found that drinking milk and coffee was associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer.

 

Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women

 

This observational study cannot prove that drinking sugar-sweetened beverages can cause colorectal cancer, nor can it prove that drinking milk or coffee has a protective effect.

However, the research team said that in light of the results of this study, it is recommended that people avoid drinking sugary beverages and replace sugary beverages with unsweetened beverages such as milk and coffee.

This is a good choice for maintaining long-term health.

 

 

Paper link:
https://gut.bmj.com/content/early/2021/03/30/gutjnl-2020-323450

Sugary drinks will increase the future risk of colorectal cancer among women

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