May 19, 2024

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Surprising health and mortality study: Fewer than 3% have no risk

Surprising health and mortality study: Fewer than 3% have no risk

Surprising health and mortality study: Fewer than 3% have no risk. 

A new long-term study of population-level data shows that when it comes to health, almost everyone can make improvements, plus relationships with risk factors and mortality change over time, sometimes in the form of amazing way.

“You can take this as good news or bad news, depending on how you want to look at the numbers,” said the study’s lead author Jennifer Kuk, an associate professor in the School of Health in the School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences.


Surprising health and mortality study: Fewer than 3% have no risk



“What we found was that the relationship to risk factors and mortality varied over time, which could be explained by factors such as evolution of treatments and changes in social stigma.

Overall, most of us Both have issues, and we’re much more likely now than we were in the 80s to have a lifestyle health risk factor that’s actually associated with an even greater risk of death now than it was before.”


The study, recently published in the journal PLOS One, used U.S. survey data from 1988 to 1994 and 1999 to 2014 and looked at the five-year odds of dying among people aged 20 or older.

The team looked at 19 different risk factors, then adjusted the data for age, sex, obesity category and race. They found that, overall, fewer than 3 percent had no risk factors.

While risk factors have been well documented in previous studies, Cook said the relationship between various risks and likelihood of death over time is poorly understood. Cook and the team found that this relationship can sometimes be contradictory.


For example, smoking rates, long linked to potentially fatal conditions such as cancer, heart disease, stroke and diabetes, have declined overall due to a strong public health campaign, Cook said. However, the overall risk of being a smoker increased over time, which may be explained by increased perception of risk as cravings become less common, and increased stigma, which may also be reflected in research funding superior.


“If you look at cancer research, there’s a lot of funding in general, but specifically for lung cancer, there seems to be a lot of moral wrongdoing, and the result is less funding, and when you look at the risk of death associated with having lung cancer, relative to all other common cancers , it’s very high. So I think this lack of drive is detrimental.”


Kuk’s main area of ​​research is obesity, where she found that while prevalence went up, risk went down.


“Even though there are more and more people living with obesity, it’s not actually causing more deaths over time. So I think that’s another clear thing that we need to realize that we’re very Good at treating outcomes related to obesity. No matter what our weight is, most of us have something we can probably work on.”


Some of the other health trends Cook found in the data include:

  • The incidence of diabetes and hypertension increased over time, but the risk decreased.
  • More people are not exercising, and this is now associated with worse outcomes than before.
  • Taking mental health medications was not a significant risk factor in the 1980s, but was associated with increased mortality in later data sets.
  • Not completing high school was associated with health risks that were not in the 1980s.



While Cooke said research points to room for improvement in nearly all of us when it comes to factors as diverse as diet, exercise, smoking, alcohol and drug intake, she also said there are factors that are unique to many individuals. Uncontrollable.


“When we look at things like food insecurity, low levels of education — as a society, we’re making health maybe not an easy choice for a lot of people. When we look at these risk factors, we need to think about That remains sensitive enough.”





Surprising health and mortality study: Fewer than 3% have no risk

(source:internet, reference only)

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Important Note: The information provided is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as medical advice.